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Impression, soleil levant (1872/1873/1874) - Claude Monet
created in 1872 or 1873, first publicly displayed in 1874

Camille Saint-SaŽns

Danse Macabre is the name of Opus 40 by Camille Saint-SaŽns, written in 1874. The piece is a tone poem, depicting a skeleton playing the violin in a graveyard as his deceased companions dance around the graves. The piece makes particular use of the xylophone to imitate the sounds of rattling bones. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danse_macabre, Feb 2004

Les Diaboliques (The She-Devils) (1874) - Barbey d'Aurevilly

Les Diaboliques (The She-Devils) (1874) - Barbey d'Aurevilly [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

A collection of short stories, each of which relates a tale of a woman who commits acts of violence, crime, or revenge. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jules_Am%E9d%E9e_Barbey_d%27Aurevilly [Sept 2004]

Impressionism coined

Impressionism was a 19th century art movement, which began as a private association of Paris-based artists who exhibited publicly in 1874. The movement was named after Claude Monet's Impression, soleil levant (1872/1873); the term being coined by critic Louis Leroy. Impressionism is also a movement in music. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impressionism [Dec 2004]

The word ``impressionniste'' was printed for the first time in the Charivari on the 25 April 1874 by Louis Leroy, --http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/impressionism/ [Apr 2005]

The name "Impressionist" itself comes from a mockery. When the establishment refused to exhibit their works, the Impressionists gathered in the art studio of photographer Nadar and organised their own exhibition, from April 15th to May 15th, 1874. When being reviewed by the press, this exhibit was widely rejected by all journalists and one of them, named Louis Leroy (from newspaper Charivari), mocked Monet's painting Impression, soleil levant, ironically calling it "Impressionist." The painters, maybe as a way to give the mockery back to the journalists, decided to adopt the word as the name of their movement, thus officially giving birth to Impressionism. --http://www.boheme-magazine.net/sep03/impress.html [Apr 2005]

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