Related: Enlightenment - harmony - reason - virtue
Compare: Dionysian and Appolonian
Jusepe de Ribera (Spanish, 1591-1652), Apollo Flaying Marsyas, 1637, oil on canvas, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels.
Marsyas was a satyr who challenged Apollo to a contest of music. Marsyas lost and was flayed alive for his hubris to challenge a god. His blood turned into the river Marsyas. [May 2006]
Apollo popularly (e.g., in literary criticism) represents harmony, order, and reason - characteristics contrasted by those of Dionysus, god of wine, who popularly represents emotion and chaos. The contrast between the roles of these gods is reflected in the adjectives Apollonian and Dionysian. However, Greeks thought of the two qualities as complementary: the two gods are brothers, and when Apollo at winter left for Hyperborea he would leave the Delphi Oracle to Dionysus. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo#Worship [Jul 2005]
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