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English

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Voice of America Special English

VOA SPECIAL ENGLISH

VOA Special English is a simplified English language used by Voice of America in daily broadcast. The news is read slowly and using a limited wordlist of about 1500 words. Charles Kay Ogden recommended radio news be given in Basic English with the appropriate Basic special radio vocabulary add-on. VOA Special English, although intended for telling news around the world, has the additional benefit of allowing English to be learned and for pronunciation to be polished. --http://www.basic-english.org/learn/voa.html [May 2005]

Basic English
Basic English is a designed language written by Charles Kay Ogden. The idea of Basic English is to use the basic words we use in everyday talking to explain more complex thoughts.

Basic English ("British American Scientific International Commercial") includes 850 of these basic words. Of the 850 words, 600 are nouns, or names of things. Most of these can be learned by using a picture method. 150 are adjectives and descriptive words. The last 100 words are some verbs and conjunctions (words that help put sentences together) --http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basic_English [Jun 2005]

Academic styles

University students, especially graduate students, are encouraged to write papers in an approved style. This practice encourages readability and ensures that references to cited works are noted in a uniform way. Typically, students are encouraged to use a style commonly adopted by journals publishing articles in the field of study.

The University of Memphis list of Style Manuals & Guides [1] (http://exlibris.memphis.edu/instr/style.htm) gives thirty academic styles with manuals are currently in print; twelve are available on-line. Citation of referenced works is a key element in academic style [2] (http://library.brandeis.edu/getstarted/quick/cite.html).

It is recognised that the requirements for writing and citing articles accessed on-line sometimes differ from best practice in writing and citing printed works. Some of the niceties are covered by The Columbia Guide to Online Style (http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/cgos/idx_basic.html). --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_writing_style#Academic_styles [Jun 2005]

see also: academia

Referencing Internet URLs

There are, as yet, no established rules concerning the format for internet URL references. However the same principles should be used. Often it will not be possible to identify a specific author but it is usually possible to identify the 'authoring organisation'. Give the date the pages were accessed in square brackets.

FALLA, Rob (1998), The Future of Forms, Web Review, [24 April 1998], URL: http://webreview/wr/pub/98/04/24/feature/index.html

School of Computing and IT, University of Wolverhampton (1998), UK Sensitive Maps, [27 January 1998], URL: http://www.scit.wlv.ac.uk/ukinfo/uk.map.html

Basic English alphabetical wordlist

A a able about account acid across act addition adjustment advertisement agreement after again against air all almost among amount amusement and angle angry animal answer ant any apparatus apple approval arch argument arm army art as at attack attempt attention attraction authority automatic awake

B baby back bad bag balance ball band base basin basket bath be beautiful because bed bee before behavior belief bell bent berry between bird birth bit bite bitter black blade blood blow blue board boat body boiling bone book boot bottle box boy brain brake branch brass bread breath brick bridge bright broken brother brown brush bucket building bulb burn burst business but butter button by

C cake camera canvas card care carriage cart cat cause certain chain chalk chance change cheap cheese chemical chest chief chin church circle clean clear clock cloth cloud coal coat cold collar color comb come comfort committee common company comparison competition complete complex condition connection conscious control cook copper copy cord cork cotton cough country cover cow crack credit crime cruel crush cry cup current curtain curve cushion cut

D damage danger dark daughter day dead dear death debt decision deep degree delicate dependent design desire destruction detail development different digestion direction dirty discovery discussion disease disgust distance distribution division do dog door down doubt drain drawer dress drink driving drop dry dust

E ear early earth east edge education effect egg elastic electric end engine enough equal error even event ever every example exchange existence expansion experience expert eye

F face fact fall false family far farm fat father fear feather feeble feeling female fertile fiction field fight finger fire first fish fixed flag flame flat flight floor flower fly fold food foolish foot for force fork form forward fowl frame free frequent friend from front fruit full future

G garden general get girl give glass glove go goat gold good government grain grass great green grey/gray grip group growth guide gun

H hair hammer hand hanging happy harbor hard harmony hat hate have he head healthy hearing heart heat help here high history hole hollow hook hope horn horse hospital hour house how humor

I I ice idea if ill important impulse in increase industry ink insect instrument insurance interest invention iron island

J jelly jewel join journey judge jump

K keep kettle key kick kind kiss knee knife knot knowledge

L land language last late laugh law lead leaf learning leather left leg let letter level library lift light like limit line linen lip liquid list little (less, least) living lock long look loose loss loud love low

M machine make male man manager map mark market married match material mass may meal measure meat medical meeting memory metal middle military milk mind mine minute mist mixed money monkey month moon morning mother motion mountain mouth move much (more, most) muscle music

N nail name narrow nation natural near necessary neck need needle nerve net new news night no noise normal north nose not note now number nut

O observation of off offer office oil old on only open operation opposite opinion other or orange order organization ornament out oven over owner

P page pain paint paper parallel parcel part past paste payment peace pen pencil person physical picture pig pin pipe place plane plant plate play please pleasure plough/plow pocket point poison polish political poor porter position possible pot potato powder power present price print prison private probable process produce profit property prose protest public pull pump punishment purpose push put

Q quality question quick quiet quite

R rail rain range rat rate ray reaction red reading ready reason receipt record regret regular relation religion representative request respect responsible rest reward rhythm rice right ring river road rod roll roof room root rough round rub rule run

S sad safe sail salt same sand say scale school science scissors screw sea seat second secret secretary see seed selection self send seem sense separate serious servant sex shade shake shame sharp sheep shelf ship shirt shock shoe short shut side sign silk silver simple sister size skin skirt sky sleep slip slope slow small smash smell smile smoke smooth snake sneeze snow so soap society sock soft solid some son song sort sound south soup space spade special sponge spoon spring square stamp stage star start statement station steam stem steel step stick still stitch stocking stomach stone stop store story strange street stretch sticky stiff straight strong structure substance sugar suggestion summer support surprise such sudden sun sweet swim system

T table tail take talk tall taste tax teaching tendency test than that the then theory there thick thin thing this thought thread throat though through thumb thunder ticket tight tired till time tin to toe together tomorrow tongue tooth top touch town trade train transport tray tree trick trousers true trouble turn twist

U umbrella under unit use up

V value verse very vessel view violent voice

W walk wall waiting war warm wash waste watch water wave wax way weather week weight well west wet wheel when where while whip whistle white who why wide will wind window wine wing winter wire wise with woman wood wool word work worm wound writing wrong

X (none)

Y year yellow yes yesterday you young

Z (none)

--http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Basic_English_alphabetical_wordlist [Jun 2005]

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