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Related: amusement - black comedy - burlesque - caricature - comedy - entertainment - irony - laughter - parody - ribaldry - ridicule - satire - send-up - spoof
Anthology of Black Humor (1940) - André Breton [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK] more ...
Rationale of the Dirty Joke (1968) - Gershon Legman [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK] more ...
The Joke and Its Relation to the Unconscious (1905) - Sigmund Freud [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK] more ...
Humour (humor in American English) is a form of entertainment and a form of human communication, intended to make people laugh and feel happy. The origins of the word "humour" lie in the humoral medicine of the ancient Greeks, which stated that a mix of fluids, or humours, controlled human health and emotion.
Different types of humour which appeal to different sectors of humanity exist – for instance, young children particularly favour slapstick, while satire tends to appeal more to the older and better-educated. Humour often varies by locality and does not easily transfer from one culture to another. This happens because humour often relies on a context, and someone not understanding the context will usually not understand the humour. Various techniques serve to deliver humour. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humour [Jul 2004]
Stith Thompson classification of humorHere is what I believe the Stith Thompson classification of humor
The folklore scholar Gershon Legman devoted several pages to the French conte-en-vers genre in an article entitled "Toward a Motif-Index of Erotic Humor." Legman underlined the significance of this genre in the context of folklore research:
The conte-en-vers is therefore the real connecting link between the earlier folktale collections and the modern scientific collections, and is the real repository of the native and original humorous material for nearly two centuries (1650-1850), where little of an original nature and almost nothing native will be found in the jestbooks. The entire literature of the conte-en-vers, whether dated from the burlesque and Aretinesque academies of the 1550's in Italy, or from La Fontaine's contes, "tires de Boccace" as he perfectly frankly admits, in the 1660's ... represents in sum an exceptionally large repertory of jokes and tales, purposely sought from the folk at a period when the jestbooks were already forgetful or contemptuous of folk sources, and far gone in sterile mutual plagiarism (Legman 1962, 237).
... Thousands of obscene motifs in which there is no point but the obscenity itself might logically come at this point, but they are entirely beyond the scope of the present work. They form a literature to themselves, with its own periodicals and collections. In view of the possibility that it might become desirable to classify these motifs and place them within the present index, space has been left from X700 to X749 for such motifs (Thompson 1955-8, 5:514). --Catherine Grise via X. HUMOR X0 – X99. Humor of discomfiture X0. Humor of discomfiture X100– X199. Humor of disability X100.Humor of disability X110.Humor of deafness X120.Humor of bad eyesight X130.Other physical disabilities X200– X599.HUMOR OF SOCIAL CLASSES X200– X299. Humor dealing with tradesmen X200.Humor dealing with tradesmen X210.Jokes about millers X220.Jokes about tailors X230.Jokes about butchers X240.Jokes about cobblers (shoemakers) X250.Jokes about other artisans and tradesmen X300– X499. Humor dealing with professions X300.Humor dealing with professions X310.Jokes on lawyers X330.Jokes on magistrates X350.Jokes on teachers X370.Jokes on scholars X410.Jokes on parsons X460.Humor concerning other professions X500– X599. Humor concerning other social classes X500.Humor concerning other social classes X510.Jokes concerning usurers X520.Jokes concerning prostitutes X530.Jokes concerning beggars X540.Jokes on madmen X550.Jokes on secret societies X600– X699. Humor concerning races or nations X600.Humor concerning races or nations X610.Jokes concerning Jews X650.Jokes concerning other races or nations X680.Jokes concerning various cities X700– X799. Humor concerning sex X700.Humor concerning sex X750.Jokes on old maids X760.Jokes on courtship X800– X899. Humor based on drunkenness X800.Humor based on drunkenness X900– X1899.HUMOR OF LIES AND EXAGGERATIONS X910– X1099. Lie: the remarkable man X910– X959.Lie: the remarkable man: his birth, growth, death, physical powers, strength X910.Lie: the remarkable man X920.Lie: the large man X930.Lie: remarkable person’s physical powers and habits X940.Lie: remarkably strong man X960– X1019.Lie: remarkable person’s skills X960.Lie: remarkable person’s skills X980.Lie: occupational or professional skills X1010.Lie: remarkable mental skills X1020– 1079. Remarkable man’s extraordinary possessions X1020.Lie: remarkable possessions of remarkable man X1030.Lie: remarkable buildings X1060.Lie: other possessions of remarkable man X1070.Extraordinary man’s family X1080– X1099.Lie: occupations of remarkable man X1100– X1199. Lie: great hunters and fishermen X1100.Lie: the remarkable hunter X1110.Lie: the wonderful hunt X1120.Lie: the great marksman X1130.Lie: hunter’s unusual experiences X1150.Lies about fishing X1200– X1399. Lies about animals X1200.Lie: remarkable animals X1210.Lies about mammals X1250.Lies about birds X1280.Lies about insects X1300.Lies about fish X1320.Lies about reptiles X1340.Lie: extraordinary amphibia and other animals X1370.Lies about imaginary animals X1400– X1499. Lies about plants, fruits, vegetables and trees X1400.Lies about plants, fruits, vegetables and trees X1410.Lies about fruits X1420.Lies about vegetables X1450.Lies about field crops X1470.Lies about trees X1480.Lies about flowers X1490.Lie: miscellaneous plant motifs X1500– X1599. Lies about geography and topography X1500.Lies about geography and topography X1510.Lies about land features X1520.Lies about mountains and hills X1530.Lies about remarkable soil X1540.Lies about water features X1550.Geography and topography – miscellaneous motifs X1560.Lies about cities X1600– X1699. Lies about weather and climate X1600.Lies about weather and climate X1610.Lies about winds and storms X1620.Lies about cold weather X1630.Lies about hot weather X1640.Lies about dry weather X1650.Lies about precipitation and dampness X1660.Lies about climate X1700– X1799. Lies: logical absurdities X1700.Lies: logical absurdities X1710.Lies about numbers X1720.Absurd disregard of anatomy X1740.Absurd disregard of natural laws X1750.Absurd disregard of the nature of objects X1760.Absurd disregard of the nature of non-material things X1780.Absurdity based on the nature of the object X1790.Other logical absurdities X1800– X1899. Miscellaneous lies and exaggerations X1800.Miscellaneous lies and exaggerations X1810.Tall tales about miscellaneous objects X1850.Other tall tales
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