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Outsider art

Parent categories: outsider - art

Related: art brut - outsider architecture

The Sleeping Gypsy (1897) - Henri Rousseau (le Douanier) (4 ft 3 in x 6 ft 7 in, Museum of Modern Art, New York)

Definition

Outsider Art was a term coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut (which literally translates as "Raw Art" or "Rough Art"), a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created outside the boundaries of official culture; Dubuffet focused particularly on the art of the insane. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outsider_art [Feb 2004]

see also: primitive

Na´ve art

Na´ve art is created by untrained artists. It is characterized by simplicity and a lack of the elements or qualities found in the art of formally trained artists. (See also, outsider art, with which it bears many similarities.)

The term na´ve art presumes the existence (by contrast) of an academy and of a generally accepted educated manner of art creation, most often painting. In practice, however, there are schools of na´ve artists. Over time it has become an acceptable style.

The characteristics of na´ve art are an awkward relationship to the formal qualities of painting; for example, difficulties with drawing and perspective that result in a charmingly awkward and often refreshing vision; strong use of pattern, unrefined colour, and simplicity rather than subtlety are all supposed markers of naive art. It has become such a popular and recognisable style that many examples could be called pseudo-na´ve.

Primitive art is another term often applied to the art of those without formal training. This is distinguished from the self-conscious movement primitivism. Another term related to, but not completely synonymous with, na´ve art, is folk art. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Na%C3%AFve_art [Mar 2006]

Noah's Ark (1846) - Edward Hicks

Noah's Ark (1846) - Edward Hicks

Edward Hicks (1780-1849) was a folk and na´ve (primitive) artist and devout Quaker (member of the Religious Society of Friends). --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward Hicks [Mar 2006]

See also: animals - 1846 - USA

The Misfits: A Study of Sexual Outsiders (1988) - Colin Wilson

The Misfits: A Study of Sexual Outsiders (1988) - Colin Wilson [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

See entry on Colin Wilson

The Outsider (1956) - Colin Wilson

The Outsider (1956) - Colin Wilson [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

See entry on Colin Wilson

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