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media - visual culture - reproduction
Related: engraving - copy - illustration - illustrated newspaper - lithography - poster - printing - technology - woodcut - shunga - The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
The Dragon Slaying the Companions of Cadmus (1588) - Hendrick Goltzius
Image sourced here.
Printmaking is a process where multiple prints of an image can be made by use of matrix on which the image is created.
A composition is created on a surface from which a transfer using ink is possible, such as a plate, stone, piece of wood, potato, etc. Ink is applied, and the image is transferred to a substrate, usually paper. This piece of paper is known as a print. The same matrix can be used to create identical prints. A series of identical prints is known as an edition. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printmaking [Jan 2005]
The Business of Prints in Rome 1500-1650
This conference explored the innovations in the production and consumption of prints in Rome that led to an intensely creative diversity of practice over the period 1500-1650. The importance of Rome in the history of European printmaking in this period can barely be exaggerated. Beginning with the success of Marcantonio Raimondiís collaboration with Raphael in the second decade of the sixteenth century, the print business in the city saw many innovations in production and selling leading to intensely creative diversity of practice. The leading position that Rome had achieved in the field by the end of the century was the result of its international importance, both as the centre of the Catholic Church and as the most significant European centre for the study of the visual arts. Artists from all over Europe came to reside in Rome. The presence of Netherlandish and German printmakers and designers, together with Italians from every part of the Peninsula, resulted in an unparalleled concentration of talent and skill. Contacts with other centres of printmaking, especially Venice and Antwerp, were close. Roman prints were distributed throughout Europe; they helped to focus attention on the city in ways that had considerable religious and political significance, while reinforcing the idea of Rome as a major centre of visual culture. --The Business of Prints in Rome 1500-1650 24-25 March 2003, University of Edinburgh, Scotland via http://www.arthistory.ed.ac.uk/rome/printsabstract.htm [Sept 2005]
See also: printmaking - 1500s - 1600s
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