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Related: ambient - sound - sculpture - music theory
Brian Eno: Ambient 1: Music for Airports (1978) - Brian Eno [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
A soundscape is an acoustic environment or an enviroment created by sound.
As such, it refers in the first place to the natural acoustic environment, consisting of the sounds of the forces of nature and animals, including humans. This is the domain of acoustic design (Raymond Murray Schafer).
Next to such "found" soundscape, there is also the soundscape deliberately created by people: think of the sound of gongs, bells, sirens and mist horns, which constitute a kind of primitive aural architecture or acoustic design.
Finally, there is the imaginary, "evocative" soundscape which evokes the presence of things or beings in space. In the cinema, such soundscapes are combined with the image on the screen, but there are also purely aural soundscapes (Bill Fontana, electronic music with loudspeakers disposed around the public).
Soundscapes are often combined with the performance of music.
A soundscape composition is an electroacoustic musical composition creating a sound portrait of a sound environment. Composers who use soundscapes include real-time granular synthesis pioneer Barry Truax and Luc Ferrari, whose Presque rien, numéro 1 (1970) is an early soundscape composition. (Roads 2001, p.312) --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soundscape [May 2005]
see also: ambient
The Soundscape (1977) - R. Murray Schafer
For fans of David Toop's Ocean of Sound (1995).
The Soundscape (1977) - R. Murray Schafer [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
See also: soundscape - music theory
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