[<<] 1760s [>>]
1763 - 1769
Related: start of the gothic novel - The Castle of Otranto: A Gothic Story (1764)
Marquis de Sade [...]
1763Discharged with the rank of cavalry captain (after the end of the seven year war). Had spent some time gambling and 'never miss[ing] a ball or show: outrageous!'. De Sade's parents were in a sorry financial state at the time, and they had plans for him -- marriage. Indeed he was engaged simultaneously to Lady Laure de Lauris and Lady Renée Pélagie de Montreuil -- the first of his own choosing, the second as arranged by his family -- a choice significantly down the ranks of nobility, but which involved large sums of money. Lots of wangling was done, with Sade's parents trying to hide their son's conduct from the Montreuil family and Sade himself trying to arrange to be with Laure. He was married to Renée on May 15th. Despite being forced into the union, the two seemed quite fond of each other (and though she did not share his libertine leanings she seemed to understand them), and Laure had found someone else.
Later he was imprisoned in Vincennes Fortress for fifteen days on charges of excessive behaviour committed in a brothel. --http://www.tabula-rasa.info/DarkAges/deSade.html [Aug 2005]
1764de Sade was made Lieutenant-General of four provinces, and was acting as producer at a private theatre. His wife also helped at the theatre. His mistress for the next year or two was a Lady Beauvoisin. --http://www.tabula-rasa.info/DarkAges/deSade.html [Aug 2005]
1767Louis Marie de Sade, our man's first son, was born on August 27th. The second was Donatien Claude Armand in 1769 and Madeleine Laure came in 1771. --http://www.tabula-rasa.info/DarkAges/deSade.html [Aug 2005]
1768The flagellation of Rose Keller took place on April 3rd, Easter Day. The woman had been picked up by Sade and taken back to a house in Arcueil, where she was bound and flogged. Whether this was rape or not was contested in court. Physical evidence seems to support de Sade's story, but it's impossible to tell either way. Certainly he was made an object of public scorn over the affair. He was imprisoned but later released by Royal Order. --http://www.tabula-rasa.info/DarkAges/deSade.html [Aug 2005]
Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764) - Immanuel Kant
Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764) - Immanuel Kant [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
Edmund Burke and both investigated the sublime and both distinguished the sublime from the beautiful. Later writers tend to include the sublime in the beautiful.
For Immanuel Kant, the sublime represented a feeling derived from aesthetic judgment, in which we realize the limits of our human nature.
The Romantics were essentially preoccupied by the sublime and especially by the sublime in Nature.
See also: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observations_on_the_Feeling_of_the_Beautiful_and_Sublime [Jun 2005]
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