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Related: 1860s

In the visual arts: Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe (1863)

Trends and events: Salon des Refusés

Le déjeuner sur l'herbe/"The Lunch on the Grass" (1863) - Edouard Manet

Salon des Refusés

The Salon des Refusés ('Rooms of the Rejected') was a unique exhibition in Paris in 1863.

It displayed art-works that had been rejected by the Académie française when submitted for display at the 'Salon': the official exhibition of the French Academy of Art.

In 1863 the nascent Realist and Impressionist movements submitted works to the Academy's selection committee only to be rejected. The resultant complaints of bias led the French emperor Napoleon III to allow the rejected works to be displayed in a separate exhibition.

Most were undoubtedly of poor quality, leading to ridicule in the press. However, the exhibition contained at least two important paintings, Edouard Manet's "Dejeuner sur l'Herbe" (the 'Picnic') and James McNeill Whistler's "The White Girl". --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salon_des_Refus%E9s, Apr 2004

Birth of modern art [...]

The official birthday of Modern art is May 17, 1863, the opening of the Salon des Refusés, in Paris, organized by painters who had been refused at the annual Salon of officially sanctioned "academic" art. Later Salon des Refusés were held in 1874, 1875 and 1886. By 1881, the French government withdrew its support from the official Salons, which continued anyway.

Karl Ulrichs

Karl Ulrichs, speaking at a conference of Jurists in Munich, becomes the first person in modern times to declare himself homosexual. Although he used the term, "Urning," Ulrichs continued to speak out for gay rights.

Le peintre de la vie moderne - Charles Baudelaire [...]

Le peintre de la vie moderne dans le Figaro, une étude sur Constantin Guys le 26, 29 et le 3 Décembre.

Gustave Doré's illustrations for Charles Perrault's fairy tales

1863 Illustrations by Gustave Doré to Les Contes de Perrault (1697) - Charles Perrault
Image sourced here.

1863 Illustrations by Gustave Doré to Les Contes de Perrault (1697) - Charles Perrault
Image sourced here.

See also: 1863 - fairy - tale - folk - Gustave Doré

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