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In 1878 Whistler sued Ruskin for libel after the critic condemned his painting Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket, calling the artist a "coxcomb". Whistler won a farthing in nominal damages. The cost of the case, together with huge debts from building his residence, "The White House" in Tite Street, Chelsea, (designed with E.W. Godwin, 1877–8) bankrupted him.

The Temptation of Saint Anthony (1878) - Félicien Rops

Blonde Woman with Bare Breasts (1878) - Edouard Manet

The Enchantress (1878) - Luis Riccardo Faléro
image sourced here.
see also: 1878 - odalisque - orientalism - painting

Guardian Spirit of the Waters (1878) - Odilon Redon
image sourced here.

Edison [...]

Thomas Edison: first electric light

Eadweard Muybridge [...]

Muybridge's Complete Human and Animal Locomotion: New Volume 1 - Eadweard Muybridge [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Eadweard Muybridge (April 9, 1830–May 8, 1904) was a British-born photographer, known primarily for his early use of multiple cameras to capture motion. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadweard_Muybridge [Oct 2004]

1878 - Eadweard Muybridge made high-speed time lapse photographic demonstration of a horse airborne during the gallop using a trip-wire system.--http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_photography_technology [Oct 2004]

The motion of a horse's legs

Prior to 1877, no one really knew how a horse's legs moved while the animal was running at full speed. The motion of a horse's legs were a blur, even to the best eyes. Because of a phenomenon known as persistence of vision, the human eye holds onto an image for a short period of time, causing blurring when rapid motion is observed. After two wealthy horse racers placed bets as to whether a horse ever had all four legs off the ground at the same time, American photographer Edweard Muybridge set up an experiment to test this. He placed twenty - four cameras with shutters hooked to trip wires set a fixed, uniform distance apart. As a horse raced past, he would break the wires, thus snapping 24 pictures of itself. Muybridge's photos showed conclusively that a horse does in fact have all four legs in the air for a fleeting moment during each repetition of the motions in its gait.

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