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"Method of this work:
literary montage.
I have nothing to say only to show."
(Passagenwerk (1927 - 1940) - Walter Benjamin)

2005, Aug 15; 16:19 ::: 99% archived [Jan 2006]

2005, Aug 15; 16:19 ::: La Fornarina (c. 1520) - Raphael

La Fornarina (c. 1520) - Raphael

Painted around 1520 by Raphael Sanzio (known as Raphael) — an artist renowned for his mastery of female beauty — La Fornarina is at once an idealized likeness of the unknown woman and an ode to her goddess-like grace. The portrait's three-quarter-length view is typical of Renaissance portraiture, while the placement of the sitter's arms recalls the Venus pudica (modest Venus) seen in classical sculpture. This pose draws attention to the parts of her body she ostensibly attempts to conceal, intimating both innocence and seduction. --http://www.frick.org/html/raphel_fornarina.htm [Aug 2005]

Raphael (1483 - 1520)
Raphael or Raffaello, a painter and architect of the Florentine school in the Italian High Renaissance, was born on April 6, 1483 and died on his 37th birthday, April 6, 1520. He was also called Raffaello Sanzio, Raffaello Santi, Raffaello de Urbino or Rafael Sanzio de Urbino.

His life was described in Giorgio Vasari's Vite. Born in Urbino, he studied in Perugia under Pietro Perugino; but after moving to Florence he soon adopted the styles of Leonardo and Michelangelo. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raphael [Aug 2005]

see also: art - painting - Italy - 1500s

2005, Aug 15; 11:46 ::: Negative Space: Manny Farber on the Movies (1971) - Manny Farber

Negative Space: Manny Farber on the Movies (1971) - Manny Farber [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

First Sentence:
The saddest thing in current films is watching the long-neglected action directors fade away as the less talented De Sicas and Zinnemanns continue to fascinate the critics.

Vittorio De Sica (July 7, 1901 - November 13, 1974) was an Italian neorealist director and actor. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vittorio_De_Sica [Aug 2005]

Fred Zinnemann (April 29, 1907—March 14, 1997) was a noted film director. He was born in Vienna, Austria. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Zinnemann [Aug 2005]

see also: film criticism - 1971 - Many Farber - USA - film

2005, Aug 15; 11:28 ::: Underground film

The first use of the term "underground film" occurs in a 1957 essay by American film critic Manny Farber, "Underground Films." Farber uses the term to refer to B-movie auteurs like John Ford who made artistically valid works essentially on the sly while seeming to churn out workaday products.

In the late 1950s, "underground film" began to be used for pockets of early independent film makers operating first in San Francisco, California and New York City, New York, and soon in other cities around the world as well. The movement was typified by more experimental filmmakers working at the time like Stan Brakhage, Andy Warhol, Jonas Mekas, Ken Jacobs, Jack Smith, George Kuchar, and Bruce Conner.

By the late 1960s, the movement represented by these filmmakers had matured, and some began to distance themselves from the countercultural, psychedelic connotations of the word, preferring terms like avant-garde or experimental to describe their work.

Through 1970s and 1980s, however, "underground film" would still be used to refer to the more countercultural fridge of independent cinema. The term was embraced most emphatically by Nick Zedd and the other filmmakers associated with the New York based Cinema of Transgression of the late 70s to early 1990s.

In the early 90s, the legacy of the Cinema of Transgression carried over into a new generation, who would equate "underground cinema" with transgressive, ultra-low-budget filmmaking created in defiance of both the commercialized versions of independent film offered by newly wealthy distributors like Miramax and New Line, as well as the institutionalized experimental film canonized at major museums. This spirit defined the early years of underground film festivals (like the New York Underground Film Festival and others), zines like Film Threat, as well as the works of filmmakers like Craig Baldwin, John Moritsugu, and Bruce La Bruce.

By the late 1990s and early 2000s, the term had become blurred again, as the work at underground festivals began to blend with more formal experimentation, and the divisions that had be stark ones less than a decade earlier now seemed much less so. If the term is used at all, it connotes a form of very low budget independent filmmaking, with perhaps trangressive content, or a low-fi analog to post-punk music cultures. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underground_film [Aug 2005]

see also: experimental film - avant-garde film - independent film - underground - underground film

2005, Aug 14; 16:48 ::: Commedia dell'arte

Il Boia scarlatto (1965) - Massimo Pupillo
Image sourced here.

The influence of the Commedia dell'arte
Thus, the commedia dell'arte, with its stock situations and stock characters and improvised dialogue, has shown the way to many other forms of drama, from pantomime and Punch and Judy - which features debased forms of the commedia characters (see below) - to the modern animated cartoon, situation comedy, and even professional wrestling. Richard Strauss used several of the characters in his opera Ariadne auf Naxos. The characters and tropes of the commedia have also been used in novels, notably Scaramouche, the 1921 historical novel by Rafael Sabatini, but also in more recent sword and sorcery and literary works, such as Michael Moorcock's Jerry Cornelius stories that culminate with the Guardian prize-winning The Condition of Muzak.

Aspects of commedia dell'arte also passed into the silent tradition of mime. The Bohemian actor Jean-Gaspard Deburau (1796 -1846) brought the new forms of mime to Paris in the 1830s. He standardized the French image of Pierrot. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commedia_dell'arte#The_influence_of_the_Commedia [Aug 2005]

see also: stock (fiction) - comedy - Italy - commedia dell'arte

2005, Aug 14; 14:21 ::: Culture of Italy

Related: commedia dell' arte - fumetti - futurismo - giallo - giallo novels - Italian cinema - Italian comics - Italian design - Italian erotica - Italian horror - Italian music - Latin - Memphis Design Group - Pompeii - Romance - Rome - spaghetti western - Vespa

People (various): Caligula - Caravaggio - Casanova - Guido Crepax - Umberto Eco - Leone Frollo - Milo Manara - Alberto Moravia - Ennio Morricone - Luigi Pirandello - Mussolini - Salvator Rosa - Paolo Roversi - Leonardo Da Vinci

People (directors): Dario Argento - Mario Bava - Bernardo Bertolucci - Tinto Brass - Federico Fellini - Riccardo Freda - Sergio Leone - Pier Paolo Pasolini - Roberto Rossellini - Luchino Visconti

People (designers): Ettore Sottsass - Luigi Colani - Joe Colombo - Piero Gilardi - Andrea Branzi - Mario Bellini - Carlo Mollino - Gaetano Pesce

Italy is well-known for its art and culture. It has many famous works of architecture, among them the leaning tower of Pisa and the Roman Colosseum. It is renowned for its food (pizza, pasta, etc.), wine, lifestyle, elegance, automobiles, visual art and design, cinema, theatre, literature, poetry, music (notably Opera), holidays, and generally speaking, taste. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy#Culture [Aug 2005]

see also: culture - Italy - taste

2005, Aug 14; 13:47 ::: Monica Bellucci

Monica Bellucci in Astérix et Obelix: Mission Cleopatre (2002)
image sourced here. [Aug 2005]

Designers Phillip Guillotel and Tanino Liberatore were brought in to design nine dresses – one for each scene – and the standout is a pearl-encrusted bodice. --http://www.hellomagazine.com/fashion/2002/07/26/monicabellucci/ [Aug 2005]

Monica Bellucci
Monica Bellucci (born September 30, 1968) is an Italian supermodel and actress, born in Città di Castello, Italy. She is married to fellow actor Vincent Cassel, with whom she has starred in several films and with whom she had a daughter, called Deva. Initially pursuing a career as a lawyer, Monica decided to start modeling in order to help pay for her tuition while at the University of Perugia. But the glamorous life of a model tempted Monica away from her law studies.

In 1988, Monica moved to one of Europe's fashion centers — Milan, where she signed with Elite Model Management. By 1989, Monica was becoming prominent as a model in Paris and across the Atlantic, in New York City. She posed for Dolce & Gabbana and French ELLE, amongst others. In that year, Monica made the transition to acting — a very popular trend that models Laetitia Casta, Jaime King and Estella Warren have also successfully followed — and began taking acting classes.

She speaks Italian, French and English fluently, and has acted in all these languages, as well as Aramaic in The Passion of the Christ. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monica_Bellucci [Aug 2005]

see also: Tanino Liberatore - French cinema - actress - model - France - Italy

2005, Aug 14; 13:47 ::: Cannibale (magazine)

Cover of Cannibale, issue 3
image sourced here. [Aug 2005]

Nel maggio del 1977 Stefano Tamburini fonda la rivista a fumetti Cannibale raccogliendo intorno a se Massimo Mattioli, Filippo Scòzzari, Andrea Pazienza e Tanino Liberatore. Su Cannibale appaiono le prime storie del celebre fumetto Ranxerox, scritte da Tamburini e disegnate da Pazienza e Liberatore. --http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefano_Tamburini [Aug 2005]

see also: Tanino Liberatore - Italian comics - magazine - Italy

2005, Aug 14; 11:08 ::: Stefano Tamburini

RanXerox in his first incarnation, by Stefano Tamburini
image sourced here. [Aug 2005]

Stefano Tamburini (Rome, August 18, 1955 - April 1986) was a graphic artist, author and publisher.

He founded the magazines Combinazioni (1974), Cannibale (1977) and Frigidaire (1980)

He is the spiritual father of RanXerox, which was drawn by his friend Tanino Liberatore. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefano_Tamburini [Aug 2005]

see also: Tanino Liberatore - Italian comics - Italy

2005, Aug 14; 11:08 ::: Ranxerox in New York (1982) - Liberatore and Tamburini

Ranxerox in New York (1982) - Liberatore and Tamburini [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

RanXerox, or Ranx, is a science fiction graphic novel series by Tanino Liberatore and Stefano Tamburini (1955 - 1986), two Italian artists who had worked previously on such magazines as "Cannibale" and "Frigidaire." Conceived as a bizarre anti-hero, Ranx was a mechanical creature made from photocopier parts.

"Ranxerox in New York" was published in 1982 in Heavy Metal magazine. Two more issues of Heavy Metal and novels followed. The name RanXerox was later changed to Ranx due to lawsuit by Xerox for the copyright of the word "Xerox."

Ranx's face was based mainly on that of a childhood friend of Liberatore. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RanXerox [Aug 2005]

see also: Tanino Liberatore - Italian comics - Italy

2005, Aug 14; 11:08 ::: The Man From Utopia (1983) - Frank Zappa

The Man From Utopia (1983) - Frank Zappa Sabin [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

The Man From Utopia is a 1983 rock 'n' roll album by Frank Zappa. Cocaine Decisions is probably the best-known track, with its Zappa groove redolent of skiffle washboards and its contribution to the great mis-rhymes of rock history: "...you are a doctor or a lawyer / you got an office with a foyer..." Also included, Dangerous Kitchen, a track which describes a place "where the cream is all clabbered and the salad is frightful..." and "the milk can hurt you".

In a similar vein is the satire on 1950s sci-fi B-movies, The Radio Is Broken. As usual, Zappa's caustic, sarcastic humor often hits its mark, but may distract from the fabulous guitar driven musical arrangements of which he was capable. As an album "The Man From Utopia" is more song-driven, and less conceptual than many others in Zappa's ouvre. The cover features the work of RanXerox artist Tanino Liberatore. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Man_From_Utopia [Aug 2005]

see also: USA - Frank Zappa - Tanino Liberatore - Italian comics - Italy

2005, Aug 14; 11:08 ::: Tanino Liberatore

artwork by Tanino Liberatore
image sourced here.

Gaetano Liberatore, better known as Tanino Liberatore, was born in Quadri (Chieti), Italy on April 12, 1953. He is an Italian comics author and illustrator of international repute. His best known fictional character is RanXerox. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanino_Liberatore [Aug 2005]

see also: Tanino Liberatore - Italian comics - Italy

2005, Aug 14; 11:08 ::: Non avere paura della zia Marta (1989) - Mario Bianchi

Non avere paura della zia Marta (1989) - Mario Bianchi
image sourced here.

2005, Aug 14; 10:12 ::: Biancaneve

Michaela Miti in Biancaneve & Co (1982) - Mario Bianchi
image sourced here.

Genere: Erotico
Status: ex rental Regia: Mario Bianchi
Cast: Michela Miti, Gianfranco D' Angelo
Paese di produzione: Italia
Anno: 1982
Durata: 93 minuti
Etichetta: Futurama
Audio: Italiano
Codifica: PAL
Colore: colore
Commento / Trama: Versione erotica della famosa favola. La Miti è sempre nudissima --http://kultvideo.org/scheda.asp?item=2286&type=VHS&key=3&hsa=

image sourced here.

Pour l'anecdote, la série Biancaneve aura eu tellement de succès en Italie qu'ils en firent un film en 1982, " Biancaneve & co [[IMDb]", avec l'actrice Michela Miti, et qui sortira en France sous le titre de " Blanche Neige et les 7 sadiques ". --http://poncetd.club.fr/images/couvertures/ContesMalicieux/Biancaneve.htm [Aug 2005]

Les 26 premières histoires sont dessinées par Leone Frollo et sont bien sur les plus intéressantes, tant au niveau de l'histoire qu'au niveau du dessin qui est vraiment fantastique ! --http://poncetd.club.fr/images/couvertures/ContesMalicieux/Biancaneve.htm [Aug 2005]

see also: Italian cinema - Italian comics - Italy - adult - comics

2005, Aug 14; 07:54 ::: SAM BOT n°1, January 1973

cover of SAM BOT n°1, January 1973
image sourced here.

see also: Elvifrance - France - adult - comics

2005, Aug 14; 07:54 ::: Biancaneve

image sourced here.

Around the time the European cinematic sex-and-horror boom was hitting full swing (check out Tombs and Tohill's Immoral Tales for an excellent overview), there was a corresponding boom in sleazy pulp digest-size sex-and-horror comics (fumetti, in Italian). These fumetti rivaled the movies in explicitness and intensity. Immoral Tales [pages 265-268] features a brief Appendix about them, and that's how I became interested.

I haven't had an easy time tracking any of these down, but my efforts have yielded some success. Because I've had to take whatever I could find, I haven't been able to collect exclusively in the original Italian. I also have Dutch and French versions (in Dutch they're called strip pockets, and in French they're called bandes dessinees [petit format]). I would assume there are also Spanish versions, though I haven't run across any yet. [note: Tiburon]

Alas, there's some confusing variation among these different language versions. Lucifera is Lucifera is Lucifera, all across the board. However, the Italian Biancaneve is the Dutch Erotische Vertellingen is the French Contes Malicieux. The numbering is often different, too. Erotische Vertellingen runs together an earlier and a later series of Biancaneve. Special supplementary issues in Italian might appear as regular numbers in the series in another language. I don't know if some Italian numbers are omitted in other versions, but it wouldn't surprise me.

The covers might be slightly different, too. Usually that means variation in the color, or mirror-flipped images, but some art has actually been altered to tone down the nudity. --Curt via http://groovyageofhorror.blogspot.com/2005/02/few-notes-on-collecting-70s-horror.html [Aug 2005]

see also: Italy - adult - comics - fumetti

2005, Aug 13; 00:43 ::: Wallestein

image sourced here.

Editeur leader dans le domaine des bandes dessinées érotiques pour adultes. Créé en 1969 par Georges Bielec pour traduire des «fumetti per adulti» italiens pour l'essentiel, mais aussi quelques bandes françaises (dont Sam Bot, par Georges Bielec et Raoul Buzzelli).

Les bandes publiées reflètent à la fois l'évolution des mœurs, mais aussi celle du marché de la bande pour adultes :

La constante, ce sont les femmes nues.

Les débuts se font autour de personnages érotomanes dans des environnements historiques ou fantastiques. Les scénarios sont grivois et les femmes sont souvent des salopes adorables.

Tout cela évoluera vers des bandes au dessin plus détaillé (zoom sur les pénétrations), au scénarios plus axés sur la violence gore, matinée de surnaturel et de monstres extra-terrestres, sans distanciation. Les femmes sont plus souvent des victimes, et il n'est pas rare que tout le monde meurt à la fin.

Sam Bot, une des meilleures ventes, tournera à 80.000 exemplaires. Le tirage moyen se situant plutôt autour de 40.000. Dans les années '80, il passera à 25.000. De nombreux invendus sont recyclés sous une nouvelle couverture.

A l'été 1992, ElviFrance a mis fin à son activité, Georges Bielec ne voulant plus s'occuper de bande dessinée. --http://mapage.noos.fr/bd9/i/elvif.htm [Aug 2005]

Elvifrance was a French comic book publisher, specializing in pocket sized publications, often translations from Italian fumetti.

Edited by Georges Bielec (October 21, 1936 - July 1993), it was founded in 1970 and owned by Giorgio Cavedon and Renzo Barbieri of Erregi. It ceased publication in 1992. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvifrance [Aug 2005]

Renzo Barbieri
Renzo Barbieri (10 March 1940 Milan, Italy) is an author and editor of Italian comics. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renzo_Barbieri [Aug 2005]

see also: Elvifrance - adult - comics - fumetti

2005, Aug 14; 00:43 ::: Roger Sabin

Below Critical Radar : Fanzines and Alternative Comics from 1976 to Now (2001) - Roger Sabin [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Adult Comics: An Introduction (1993) - Roger Sabin [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Today, adult comics are part of the cultural landscpae in a way that would have been unimaginable a decade ago. In this first survey of its kind, the history of comic books for older readers is traced from the end of the 19th century to the present, taking in the pioneering titles pre-Great War, the underground titles of the 1960s, "fan"-dom in the 1970s and 1980s, and today's boom (including "graphic novels" and "Viz"). An international section, covering comics in the US, Europe and Japan, and a thematic discussion, including the role of women, the graphic novel in context, and cultural overspill is included. By taking a broad sweep, Sabin demonstrates that the widely-held notion that comics "grew up" in the late 1980s is a mistaken one, largely invented by the media.

see also: adult - comics - alternative

2005, Aug 13; 23:18 ::: Barbarella and fumetti neri: Adult comics

I de 60er Jahr sind d' Comics schliesslich au als Medium für Erwachseni wichtiger worde, mit de fumetti neri in Italie, de Barbarella vom Jean-Claude Forest in Frankrych und de Underground Comix i de USA. --http://als.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comic [Aug 2005]

see also: adult - 1962 - comics - erotic comics

2005, Aug 13; 23:18 ::: Roberto Raviola

Italian fumetti neri, Kriminal covers
image sourced here.

Magnus (Bologna, 30 May 1939 - 5 February 1996), pseudonym of Roberto Raviola, Italian comic book drawer.

Born in Bologna in 1939, Roberto Raviola has lived all his life in this city. He started his career and his association with Max Bunker in 1964 with the series Kriminal. He uses the pseudonym Magnus, derived from the Latin saying Magnus Pictor Fecit. During the 1960s he created series like Satanik (1964), Dennis Cobb, Gesebel (1966) and Maxmagnus (1968).

Italian fumetti neri, Satanik covers
image sourced here.

In 1967 Magnus and Bunker started working on a new character: in May of 1969 Alan Ford came out. His use of black and white to create certain atmospheres launched a new comics genre called Black comics.

After leaving the T.N.T Group, Magnus began an association with Renzo Barbieri's publishing house. He devoted these years to research and the result was a revolution in the erotic comics genre. In 1974 Midnight of fire, Ten knights and a wizard, Vendetta Macumba, and The living skull came out. In the seventies he continued creating the long saga The Outlaws and in 1975 he started the Unknown series. In 1977 The Company of the Gallows series appeared.

During the eighties he created two heroines: Milady 3000 and Necron's Frieda Boher. Inspired by oriental literature, he created The 110 pills, Fiori di prugno in un vaso d'oro and The enchanted women. In 1989 Magnus began his long adventure in the creation of his big Tex - 223 plates in 7 years of work. In August 1991 he moved to Castel del Rio, near Bologna, where he spends his last years. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_Raviola [Aug 2005]

see also: fumetti - Italy - comics - Satanik - erotic comics

2005, Aug 13; 23:18 ::: Fumetti neri

Le Fumetti Neri est un genre de BD née en Italie avec le personnage Diabolik créé par les Giussani. Il s'agit de bandes dessinées dont le héros n'est justement pas un héros, mais un malfaiteur. Diabolik lui-même est inspiré très librement de Fantômas. Les autres héros de fumetti neri sont tous inspirés de Diabolik et ils présentent souvent un K dans leur nom. On a ainsi :

  • Kriminal de Magnus et Bunker avec un clone de Diabolik en plus violent.
  • Satanik des mêmes auteurs qui est une version féminine de Diabolik.
  • Génius etc.

En France, les fumetti neri (ou BD noires) sont quasiment toutes parues en Petit format, le plus souvent dans des versions très censurées. --http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fumetti_neri [Aug 2005]

see also: fumetti - Italy - comics - erotic comics

2005, Aug 13; 22:56 ::: Les premiers pockets érotiques

[P]remiers pockets érotiques d'origine italienne (Teddy boy, Demoniak, Messaline, Goldrake, Kriminal… ). Détail d'importance : parmi ces titres, Messaline et Goldrake proviennent d'une toute jeune maison d'édition milanaise, Erregi ("R et G" prononcé à l'italienne, du nom des deux associés qui la dirigent, Giorgio Cavedon et Renzo Barbieri). --http://poncetd.club.fr/Logos/HistEF/Hist-EF.htm [Aug 2005]

see also: fumetti - Italy - comics - erotic comics

2005, Aug 13; 22:56 ::: Censorship and French "petit format" comics

La commission de Censure et la loi de 1949 concernant les publications pour la jeunesse sont indissociables de l'Histoire des PF. De nombreuses revues cessèrent leurs publications à cause d'elles (Fantax, Strange, Fantask ainsi que de multiples fascicules Elvifrance etc.) et l'ensemble de la production s'auto-censura de façon drastique pour éviter tout problème avec cette fameuse commission.

De nombreux amateurs de BD ont en tête des exemples de censure plus ou moins aberrantes comme celle qui décida de la mort de Fantask sous le prétexte (fallacieux ?) de couleurs trop vives pour les yeux des jeunes enfants. Il faut savoir que les décisions de cette commission n'était pas seulement dictées par le bien-être de nos chères têtes blondes. Il y avait aussi des considérations plus politiques tendant à censurer les parutions d'origine étrangères et plus particulièrement celles en provenance des USA. Protectionnisme ou anti-américanisme ? La réponse n'est pas aisée, mais le résultat fut que de nombreuses histoires furent charcutées pour passer entre les mailles du filet de la Censure. Chez Lug, un studio complet de retoucheurs travaillait à plein temps. C'est ainsi que Jean-Yves Mitton et Ciro Tota démarrèrent leurs carrières. --http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petit_format#Censure [Aug 2005]

see also: France - Elvifrance - European comics

2005, Aug 13; 22:28 ::: Towards a fumetti definition

L'Italie et les Fumetti
Fumetti est le nom donné en Italie aux bdandes dessinées. Fumetti signifie fumée en référence à l'aspect des bulles servant à faire parler les personnages. L'Italie fut incontestablement le plus gros pourvoyeur des revues petit format. Si en Italie, le format poche existe (Alan Ford ou Diabolik par exemple), la plupart des revues sont d'abord sorties au format a strisce plus connu sous le nom de format à l'italienne avec une seule bande de dessin qu'il a fallu remonter pour constituer des pages plus classiques. Il existe aussi un format appelé Bonelli du nom de l'éditeur qui l'a imposé. Plus grand qu'un PF classique, il est de 16x21 cm. La plupart des éditeurs décidant de reproduire les planches en les réduisant légèrement. Si l'Italie semble connaître aussi une crise, la BD de kiosques y est encore florissante, au détriment du marché des albums qui y est encore embryonnaire. --http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petit_format#Censure [Aug 2005]

Note: The above French Wikipedia extract seems like a good definition of fumetti:

  • stressing that fumetti is a term used for all Italian comics and
  • mentioning the pocket size of the publications.

Notice that the title of the article is Petit format which literally translated means small size.

see also: fumetti - Italy - comics - European comics

2005, Aug 13; 22:28 ::: Jacques Sternberg

Belgium is renowned in the fantastique with authors like Georges Eekhoud, Franz Hellens, Thomas Owen, Jean Ray, Marcel Thiry and Jacques Sternberg. --translated from http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgique [Aug 2005]

see also: Jacques Sternberg - France - Belgium - comics - European comics

2005, Aug 13; 21:56 ::: Jacques Sadoul

Les Filles de papier (1971) - Jacques Sadoul
Image sourced here. [Aug 2005]

Published by Elvifrance

See also: Jacques SADOUL, Anthologie de la Littérature de Science-Fiction, Editions Ramsay et Jean-Jacques Pauvert, Paris, 1981. 30 €

see also: Elvipress - 1971 - France - comics - European comics

2005, Aug 13; 11:48 ::: Diabolik

Cover of the first issue of Diabolik, start of the genre "fumetti neri".
Image sourced here. [Aug 2005]

Diabolik is a fictional character, born from an idea by Angela Giussani.

He first appeared in print in November 1, 1962 with the title Il re del terrore (English King of Terror).

The Italian filmmaker Mario Bava adapted the story for a 1968 feature film Diabolik (Danger: Diabolik), the story of a skilled thief living out of a ritzy "bat cave" who steals $10 million from the Italian government. A Dino De Laurentiis production (producer of Barbarella). --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabolik [Aug 2005]

Fumetti or photo novels are a form of comics illustrated with photographs rather than drawings. This kind of graphic storytelling has experienced the most popularity in Italy. Italian weeklies such as “Grand Hotel” and “Bolero Film” sold millions of copies in the 1940s and continue to sell well today. A fictitious fumetto plays a central role in Federico Fellini's film Lo Sceicco Bianco (The White Sheik).

In the Italian language, fumetti are all comics, not just photo novels (fumetti literally means "little clouds of smoke", in reference to speech balloons). Instead, Italians call photo-illustrated comics fotoromanzi. Fumetti are also popular in Spain and Latin America, where they are called fotonovelas, and in France. Fumetti have never been widely appreciated in the United States. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fumetti [Aug 2005]

Note: this article just doesn't seem right, nothing is mentioned about the specific pocket book size of the fumetti, and the link with fotonovelas does not seem right either.

see also: character - 1962 - 1968 - fumetti - Italy - comics - European comics

2005, Aug 13; 15:12 ::: Sandro Angiolini (1920 - 1985)

Image sourced here. [Aug 2005]


Image sourced here. [Aug 2005]

Sandro Angiolini (June 6, 1920 - 1985) was an Italian comics creator.

In 1966 he was the first to illustrate one of Italy's most important adult comics, 'Isabella', written by Renzo Barbieri and Giorgio Cavedon. He was also involved in the creation of Goldrake, Vartan, Una, Belzeba and La Poliziotta. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandro_Angiolini [Aug 2005]

see also: fumetti - Italy - comics - European comics

2005, Aug 13; 11:32 ::: Logg (1981) - Logg

Logg (1981) - Logg [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Logg is a disco-era studio project who were produced by Leroy Burgess and released by Salsoul records.

Leroy Burgess
Leroy Burgess is a prolific disco producer and vocalist from Harlem. Beginning his career in the late 1960s in a group called the Mellow Sounds, he soon came under the wing of Patrick Adams, who renamed the group Black Ivory. They produced several albums of soul ballads.

In Black Ivory, Burgess frequently collaborated with Adams on songwriting, and continued to work with him later in his career.

"Mainline" by Black Ivory was Burgess' first major disco hit, followed by "Weekend," which was recorded by Patrick Adams' project Phreek. (The song was later covered by Class Action, and was given an extended mix by Larry Levan, becoming a hit in the early 1980s.)

He went on to produce a substantial number of hits for such artists as Logg, Inner Life, The Fantastic Aleems, Fonda Rae, Universal Robot Band and Intrigue. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leroy_Burgess [Aug 2005]

see also: vocalists - 1981 - disco - USA - black music - music - Salsoul (music label) - Leroy Burgess

2005, Aug 12; 12:36 ::: Music Sounds Better With You (1998) - Stardust

Music Sounds Better With You (1998) - Stardust [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Stardust consisted of producer Thomas Bangalter, vocalist Benjamin Diamond.and songwriter Alan Braxe. The short-lived group released the immensely popular club track called The Music Sounds Better With You in June of 1998. The song, which is based around a sample from Fate by Chaka Khan, was an instant smash, and many have dubbed it "The Greatest House Song of the Millennium". It was recorded in Paris by Daft House productions, of which Bangalter, one half of the popular french House duo Daft Punk, is head. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stardust_%28band%29 [Aug 2005]

French house music
French house is a late 1990s form of house music, greatly influenced by 1970s and 1980s disco and funk , as well as the productions of Thomas Bangalter. The music can be noted by the infamous "filter effect" (e.g. Daft Punk). French house may have vocal samples, which are mostly English and not French. A good example of French house is Music Sounds Better With You (1998) by Stardust. --adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_house [Aug 2005]

see also: house music - music - France - 1998 - 1990s music - French house music

2005, Aug 12; 10:44 ::: Au Rêve (2002) - Cassius

Au Rêve (2002) - Cassius [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

The French are many things--superb chefs, extraordinary winemakers, great lovers--but they are not funky. That's not a musical slight. Think of Air, Serge Gainsbourg, and Edith Piaf--all artists of uncommon vision and voice. But funky? Mais non. Clearly, the members of Parisian electronica-hip-hop-house combo Cassius didn't get the memo. Combining trucked-in vocals, choppy breakbeats, random bloops and gurgles, jazzy hip-hop, and staccato synth, Cassius producers Philippe Zdar and Hubert Blanc-Francart create sparkly, boombastic disco nuggets that are at once rave-worthy and, yes, funky. Suggestions of Kraftwerk emerge in cuts like the robotic, vocoder-boosted "Telephone Love," while guests such as Ghostface Killah and Jocelyn Brown--who croons diva-style on the rocking, Saturday Night Fever-damaged "I'm A Woman"--add sizzle. But the steak is the unrelentingly butt-wiggling, studio-enhanced throwdowns stitched together by Cassius. Très groovy. --Kim Hughes via Amazon.com

Album Description
Long considered one of the cornerstones of the French dance explosion alongside Daft Punk and Dimitri From Paris, the dynamic duo Philippe Zdar and Boombass return with a stunning album that captures the essence of their notorious DJ mix sets while further exploring their talent as producers. Astralwerks. 2002.

Cassius are a French electronic music duo comprising Phillipe Zdar and Hubert Blanc-Francart (also known as Boombass). Together they remixed music of their contemporaries, Air and Daft Punk, before producing their own original works.

In January 1999, they released their first single "Cassius 1999" in the UK, which entered the chart at number seven. This was soon followed by their debut album, 1999, which had two more single released from it.

2002 saw their second album release, Au Rêve. This featured the "empowered female disco" track "I'm A Woman," with Jocelyn Brown on vocals. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cassius_%28band%29 [Aug 2005]

Jocelyn Brown
Jocelyn Brown, an african american R&B and dance music singer, was born on November 25, 1950 in Kingston North Carolina. Although she has only one Hot 100 chart entry to her credit ("Somebody Else's Guy," #75 in 1984), she has an extensive background in the music industry and is considered legendary in the dance club music world. She has been a member of the groups Bad Girls, Inner Life and Salsoul Orchestra and has sung background vocals for Luther Vandross, George Benson, John Lennon and others. She has over twenty hits on the Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart, four of which have hit #1 ("Love's Gonna Get You" in 1986, "Keep On Jumpin'" in 1996, "Something Goin' On" in 1997 and "Fun" in 1998). She continues to record house music and has had chart hits well into the 21st century, including providing vocals to the track "I'm A Woman" for Cassius in 2002. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jocelyn_Brown [Aug 2005]

see also: Cassius - music - France - 2002 - Jocelyn Brown - French house music

2005, Aug 12; 10:44 ::: L' Incendie (1974) - Areski & Brigitte Fontaine

L' Incendie (1974) - Areski & Brigitte Fontaine [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Brigitte Fontaine, born in 1940 in Morlaix, Finistère, in the Brittany region of France, is a singer of avant-garde music from the 1970s, known almost exclusively in her native France.

During the course of her career she employed numerous unusual musical styles, melding rock and roll, folk, jazz, spoken word poetry and world rhythms. She collaborated with such celebrated musicians as Serge Gainsbourg, Jean Claude Vannier, Areski, Sonic Youth and Art Ensemble of Chicago. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brigitte_Fontaine [Aug 2005]

Spoken word
Spoken word is a form of music or artistic performance in which lyrics, poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung. Spoken-word is often done with a musical background, but emphasis is kept on the speaker.

One of the most common sorts of spoken word performances is performance poetry, where a poet either reads previously-published poems, or reads poems specifically written to be performed aloud. Another kind that has gained popularity in recent years is political and social commentary, done in such a way that it is, while still prose, somewhat more artistic than a typical speech. Spoken word artists are often poets and musicians. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spoken_word [Aug 2005]

Music of France
France has long been considered a centre for European art and music. The country boasts a wide variety of indigenous folk musics, as well styles played by immigrant from Africa, Latin America and Asia. In the field of classical music, France has produced a number of legendary composers, while modern pop music has seen the rise of popular French rock, hip hop, techno/funk, and pop performers. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_France [Aug 2005]

see also: music - France - 1974 - avant garde

2005, Aug 12; 10:44 ::: Hooteroll? (1971) - Howard Wales & Jerry Garcia

Hooteroll? (1971) - Howard Wales & Jerry Garcia [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Grateful Dead guitarist/icon Jerry Garcia was involved in any number of side projects during his illustrious career, but few as adventurous or musically far-ranging as this 1971 collaboration with keyboardist Howard Wales and a handful of other Bay Area musicians (including Garcia Band cohorts John Kahn and Bill Vitt). On his first album release outside the Dead, Garcia seldom takes center stage, instead seasoning a diverse collection of instrumentals with spare, tasty trademark fills and some propulsive funk- and R&B-inspired rhythm work. Selections like "South Side Strut" underscore Wales previous work in service of James Brown and the Four Tops, but range as far a field as the Bitches Brew-lite free form jazz of *Morning in Marin* to the gorgeous, ethereal Garcia showcase "One A.M. Approach." --Jerry McCulley

Howard Wales
Howard Wales is an American organ player and sometime collaborator of Jerry Garcia.

He was a session player for numerous musical acts, including James Brown and the Four Tops.--http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_Wales [Aug 2005]

Jerry Garcia
Jerry Garcia was also an appreciative fan of jazz artists and improvisation: he played with jazz keyboardists Merl Saunders and Howard Wales for many years in various groups and jam sessions, and he appeared on saxophonist Ornette Coleman's 1988 album, Virgin Beauty. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Garcia [Aug 2005]

see also: music - USA - 1971 - keyboards

2005, Aug 12; 10:44 ::: Soundtrack to El Topo (1970)

Soundtrack to El Topo (1970) - Alexandro Jodorowsky
image sourced here.

This is the excellent original music, composed by Alexandro Jodorowsky and played by an all-star band [Shades of Joy]. The band include the superb Grateful Dead (and rare funk record) keyboard genius Howard Wales among others. --http://www.blaxploitation.com/s_405.html [Aug 2005]

El Topo ("The Mole") is a 1970 violent allegorical western movie, directed by and starring Alejandro Jodorowsky. Characterized by bizarre characters and occurrences, the film is about the title character's search for meaning in his life. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Topo [Aug 2005]

see also: western films - violent films - Alejandro Jodorowsky - allegory - El Topo (1970) - South-America - 1970

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