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2006, Jan 25; 22:07 ::: Resistance, or The Black Idol (1903) - Frantisek Kupka
Resistance, or The Black Idol (1903) - Frantisek Kupka
Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
See also: Czechia - idol - Decadent or symbolist movement - art - resistance - 1903
2006, Jan 25; 08:07 ::: Encyclopedia of Erotic Literature (Aug 2006) - Gaetan Brulotte
Encyclopedia of Erotic Literature (Aug 2006) - Gaetan Brulotte [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
Two-volume set in print. Due in September 2006 by Routledge (New York) it involves some 700 contributors from different parts of the world.
See also: erotic literature - encyclopedia - Routledge
2006, Jan 24; 21:07 ::: Desiring the Dead: Necrophilia and Nineteenth-Century French Literature (2003) - Lisa Downing
Desiring the Dead: Necrophilia and Nineteenth-Century French Literature (2003) - Lisa Downing [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
In the 19th century, literature shared with the medical and psychological sciences a strategy of examining the most extreme manifestations of human desire. While fetishism, sadism and masochism still resonate as concepts with critical currency, necrophilia has received little attention. In this groundbreaking study, Lisa Downing rescues necrophilia from the margins of sexual desire, relocating it as a symptom and a pervasive fantasy of modern subjectivity. Drawing case material from the 19th century French canon, the author brings works by Baudelaire and Rachilde into dialogue with foundational European texts of sexology and Psychoanalysis. She reads against the grain of traditional Freudian theories of sexuality, the conventions of 19th century literary scholarship, and feminist critiques of the 'masculine' morbid aesthetic in order to bring to light a model of desire whose problematic nature afflicts existing discourses about sexuality and gender in 19th century France and beyond. --from the publisher
See also: 1800s literature - French literature - desire - death - necrophilia
2006, Jan 24; 21:07 ::: Libertine books and immoral worksI authorize the publication and sale of all libertine books and immoral works; for I esteem them most essential to human felicity and welfare, instrumental to the progress of philosophy, indispensable to the eradication of prejudices, and in every sense conducive to the increase of human knowledge and understanding. (Juliette, 1797)--via http://www.routledge-ny.com/enc/eros/individual.html [Jan 2006]
See also: 1797 - Juliette - knowledge - philosophy - Sade - immoral - prejudice - libertine
2006, Jan 24; 20:07 ::: The Fifteen Plagues of a Maidenhead
The Eighth Plague.
Now I am young, blind Cupid me bewitches,
I scratch my Belly, for it always itches,
And what it itches for, I've told before,
'Tis either to be Wife, or be a Whore;
Nay any thing indeed, would be poor I,
N'er Maiden-heads upon my Hands should lie,
Which till I lose, I'm sure my watry Eyes
Will pay to Love so great a Sacrifice,
That my Carcass soon will weep out all its Juice,
Till grown so dry, as fit for no Man's use.
-- MADAM B[RAN]LE, 1707 via http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13972/13972-h/13972-h.htm [Jan 2006]
1707 – James Read and Angell Carter of England are found guilty of publishing The Fifteen Plagues of a Maidenhead. At the same time John Marshall is found guilty for publishing Rochester's Sodom: of, the Quintessence of Debauchery and The School of Love (An English translation of L'Academie des Dames). Although all were found guilty, James Read moved their arrest be in lieu of judgement on the grounds that obscene libel was not something the court had the power to deal with. The court agreed. --http://www.eroticabibliophile.com/censorship_history.html [Jan 2006]
See also: erotic fiction - obscenity - censorship - UK - 1700 - 1709
2006, Jan 24; 12:07 ::: Age of Reason (1794) - Thomas Paine
IT has been my intention, for several years past, to publish my thoughts upon religion; I am well aware of the difficulties that attend the subject, and from that consideration, had reserved it to a more advanced period of life. I intended it to be the last offering I should make to my fellow-citizens of all nations, and that at a time when the purity of the motive that induced me to it could not admit of a question, even by those who might disapprove the work.
The circumstance that has now taken place in France, of the total abolition of the whole national order of priesthood, and of everything appertaining to compulsive systems of religion, and compulsive articles of faith, has not only precipitated my intention, but rendered a work of this kind exceedingly necessary, lest, in the general wreck of superstition, of false systems of government, and false theology, we lose sight of morality, of humanity, and of the theology that is true.
As several of my colleagues, and others of my fellow-citizens of France, have given me the example of making their voluntary and individual profession of faith, I also will make mine; and I do this with all that sincerity and frankness with which the mind of man communicates with itself.
I believe in one God, and no more; and I hope for happiness beyond this life.
I believe the equality of man, and I believe that religious duties consist in doing justice, loving mercy, and endeavoring to make our fellow-creatures happy.
But, lest it should be supposed that I believe many other things in addition to these, I shall, in the progress of this work, declare the things I do not believe, and my reasons for not believing them.
I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish church, by the Roman church, by the Greek church, by the Turkish church, by the Protestant church, nor by any church that I know of. My own mind is my own church.
All national institutions of churches, whether Jewish, Christian, or Turkish, appear to me no other than human inventions set up to terrify and enslave mankind, and monopolize power and profit. --Thomas Paine, 1794
Age of Reason (1794) - Thomas Paine [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
The Age of Reason is a philosophical treatise written by the 18th Century British intellectual Thomas Paine, best remembered as the author of the political pamphlet Common Sense, credited with exciting colonial opinion in support of the American Revolutionary War.
The Age of Reason, written in parts during the 1790s and dealing in a systematic examination of organized religion, advocates a skeptical and rational examination of religion known as Deism. Paine stresses his belief in the oneness of God, and the "Word of God" as exemplified by nature and the exercise of Reason. Thus, he necessarily rejects most of the tenets of both the Old Testament and New Testament. As he stresses: "I sincerely detest it, the Bible as I detest everything that is cruel." Paine provides not only criticism of religion though, but a foundation for belief in a supreme being free of the confines of dogma.
Paine began the work while in France in 1793. As Paine was in jail for protesting the execution of Louis XVI, this first section was published in a French translation. After his release from prison, at the urging of James Monroe, Paine wrote the second part. The completed work was then published several years later. Paine became extremely unpopular at the time due to this book and largely became a social pariah upon his return to America until his death in 1810. Yet his treatise became quite influential in the history of the skeptical, rationalist, and freethinking movements and remains one of the most persuasive critiques of the Bible and revealed religion ever written. Yet, it is often ignored that central to this text is an argument in favor of the existance of a Creator, one based on reason and logic as opposed to the various fundementalist modes of both religion and atheism. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Age_of_Reason [Jan 2006]
See also: Enlightenment - reason - 1790s
2006, Jan 24; 12:07 ::: The Vampyre (1819) - John Polidori
The Vampyre: And Other Tales of the Macabre (1819) - John Polidori [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
John Polidori's classic tale "The Vampyre"(1819), was a product of the same ghost-story competition that produced Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. The present volume selects thirteen other tales of mystery and the macabre, including the works of James Hogg, J.S. LeFanu, Letitia Landon, Edward Bulwer, and William Carelton. The introduction surveys the genesis and influence of "The Vampyre" and its central themes and techniques, while the Appendices contain material closely associated with its composition and publication, including Lord Byron's prose fragment "Augustus Darvell."
See also: vampire - macabre - 1819
2006, Jan 24; 11:07 ::: Secret Museum, Naples
The Secret Museum (or Secret Cabinet) in Naples, Italy, is a separate section of the Naples National Archaeological Museum containing erotic artworks from the classical period.
Ancient Pompeii was full of erotic frescoes, symbols, inscriptions, and even household items. The ancient Roman culture of the time viewed sexuality differently than most present-day cultures and its concept of obscenity was significantly different.
Excavation of Pompeii by archeologists with a conservative, Victorian mindset resulted in a clash of understanding.
To spare embarrassment by the erotic artwork, it has been locked away in a "secret cabinet", accessible only to "people of mature age and respected morals." Re-opened, closed, re-opened again and then closed again for nearly a hundred years, it was made briefly accessible again at the end of the 1960s and has finally been re-opened in the year 2000.
As of 2005, the collection is held in a separate room in the Naples National Archaeological Museum and a sign on the door warns parents what is inside. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secret_Museum%2C_Naples [Jan 2006]
See also: erotic art - secret museum - Pompeii - 1819
2006, Jan 23; 23:07 ::: This Year, Venuses Again... Always Venuses! (1864) - Honore Daumier
This Year, Venuses Again... Always Venuses! (1864) - Honore Daumier
no. 2 of the sketches made at the Salon from Le Charivati, 1864. French.
In this engraving, Honoré Daumier satirized the bourgeoises scandalized by the Salon's Venuses, 1864
See also: scandal - bourgeoise - Salon de Paris - Venus - Honoré Daumier - 1864
2006, Jan 23; 23:07 ::: On dating modern artworks
I have decided try to "double-date" modern artworks where possible. It has occurred to me that just as in film, the date of the first exhibition is just as important than the date of creation. IMDb assigns to a film the date of its first screening at a film festival or at a screening for the general public. Private screenings do not count. It will not always be possible to determine the date of the first exhibition in which case the date of creation will be the only date given.
For example, Manet's Olympia was painted in 1863 but first publicly exhibited at the Salon of 1865. So as of now the Olympia will be dated 1863/1865.
Of course, before modern art, there were hardly any art shows, except for the Salon de Paris, but these were only semi-public.
The reason I think exhibition is important is that a work of art only lives through its audience and their response. [Jan 2006]
2006, Jan 23; 10:07 ::: Degenerates and Perverts: The 1939 Herald Exhibition of Modern Art (2005) - Eileen Chanin
Degenerate Art (1991) - Stephanie Barron [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
The 1939 Herald Exhibition, which brought the Australian public face-to-face for the first time with the experimental art that had been developing in Europe during the early the 20th century, is described in this fascinating history. This account examines the astonishing collection of paintings, including nine Picassos and eight Van Goghs, that generated much controversy upon its opening and was described by the director of the National Gallery of Victoria as "the work of degenerates and perverts."
About the Author
Eileen Chanin is the author of Contemporary Australian Painting and Collecting Art: Masterpieces, Markets and Money. She is the director of Macquarie Galleries, which was established by the curator of the 1939 Herald exhibition.
See also: degenerate art - perversion - modern art and perversion
2006, Jan 23; 09:07 ::: Degenerate Art (1991) - Stephanie Barron
Degenerate Art (1991) - Stephanie Barron [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
When the National Socialists came to power in Germany in the early 1930s, one of their most vigorous campaigns was against modernist and avant-garde art. Some 650 works by such renowned artists as Max Beckmann, Marc Chagall, Otto Dix, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee were removed from German museums and assembled in a traveling exhibition that the Nazis called "Degenerate Art." Fifty years later, the L.A. County Museum of Art reconstructed the notorious exhibition. This catalogue not only recreates the original show, but contains exhaustively researched essays on such topics as the Nazi ideals of beauty and resistance efforts by some German museums. Biographical information is available for each persecuted artist as well as rare photographs, and there is a room by room survey of and guide to the 1939 exhibition with a new English translation. Artistic expression is still under attack by such groups as the NEA, making this book strikingly relevant today.
From Library Journal
Recently seen in Los Angeles and traveling to Chicago, "Degenerate Art" is an exhibit attempting to re-present works still available from the 1937 exhibit of the same name mounted by the Nazis--an exhibit that redefined the aesthetics behind modern art. Though this book, which accompanies the exhibition, contains 150 pages of reproductions and biographies of the artists, it is not merely an exhibition catalog. It is a history book that attempts to put those works in the context of the original show and further place that exhibition in the context of the Nazis' overall attempts to control "German" attitudes by redefining cultural models. Documents (the floorplan of the exhibition, the original catalog with translation) and essays on events antecedent and tangential to the notorious show form a now particularly relevant history of government-valued artistic merit. An essential work on art and political manipulation for art and history collections. - Eric Bryant, "Li brary Journal" Copyright 1991 Reed Business Information, Inc.
See also: degenerate art - modern art and perversion
2006, Jan 23; 08:07 ::: Une Semaine De Bonté: A Surrealistic Novel in Collage (1934) - Max Ernst
Une Semaine De Bonté: A Surrealistic Novel in Collage (1934) - Max Ernst [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
See also: 1934 - Surrealism - collage - Max Ernst
2006, Jan 23; 08:07 ::: Gabrielle d'Estrées and one of her Sisters (c. 1595)
Gabrielle d'Estrées and one of her Sisters
Oil on canvas, 96 x 125 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris
The subject of this painting is mysterious. It is assumed to be an allusion to the birth of César, son of Henry IV and her mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées.
The School of Fontainebleau refers to two periods of artistic production in France during the late Renaissance centered around the royal Château of Fontainebleau. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School of Fontainebleau [Jan 2006]
See also: Renaissance - French art - erotic art - 1500s
2006, Jan 22; 22:07 ::: Agostino Carracci (1557 - 1602)
Portrait of a Woman as Judith () - Agostino Carracci
Headpiece for a fan (Bohlin 193), inventory number: GLAHA 10288
Image sourced here.
The art of the caricature first appeared in Agostino Carracci's "Sheet of Caricatures" (detail), 1594.
Image sourced here.
Agostino Carracci (or Caracci) (August 16, 1557, in Bologna - March 22, 1602, in Parma) was an Italian painter and graphical artist. He posited the ideal in nature, and was the founder of the competing school to the more gritty (for lack of a better term) view of nature as expressed by Caravaggio. He was, along with his brothers, one of the founders of the Accademia degli Incamminati, which helped propel painters of the School of Bologna to prominence.
See also his brothers Annibale Carracci and Lodovico Carracci. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agostino Carracci [Jan 2006]
The most prolific creator of erotic imagery in Italy in the sixteenth century. --Peter Webb, 1975, p. 118
See also: Mannerism - caricature - Judith - Italian art - 1500s
2006, Jan 22; 19:07 ::: Original Venus mural at Pompeii
Venus mural at Pompeii (pre-79 AD)
The mural of Venus from Pompeii was never seen by Botticelli, the painter of The Birth of Venus, but may have been a Roman copy of the then famous painting by Apelles which Lucian mentioned. In classical antiquity, the sea shell was a metaphor for a woman's vulva. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki//Erotic_art_in_Pompeii [Jan 2006]
See also: Ancient - Venus - erotic art - Pompeii
2006, Jan 22; 19:07 ::: Triumph of Venus (1470) - Francesco del Cossa
Triumph of Venus (detail) (1470) - Francesco del Cossa
Venus is offscreen on this detail, note how the young man puts his hands between the lady's dress and legs.
Francesco del Cossa (c. 1430 in Ferrara – c. 1477 in Bologna) was an Italian early-Renaissance (or Quattrocento) painter of the School of Ferrara. He is known to have been the son of a stonemason in Ferrara. Although little is known about his early works, it is known that he traveled outside of Ferrara in his late twenties or early thirties.
Cossa is best known for his frescoes. One of the first records we have of him is in 1456 when he was an assistant to his father, Cristofano del Cossa, at that time employed in painting the carvings and statues on the high altar in the chapel of the bishop's palace at Ferrara.--http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco del Cossa [Jan 2006]
See also: Venus - erotic art - 1400s
2006, Jan 22; 18:07 ::: Sleeping Venus (c.1501) - Giorgione
Sleeping Venus (c.1501) - Giorgione
The Sleeping Venus, also known as Dresden Madonna, is an influential painting by the Italian Renaissance master Giorgione, c. 1501. It is housed in the Gemäldegalerie, Dresden. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sleeping_Venus_%28Giorgione%29 [Jan 2006]
See also: Venus - erotic art - 1500s
2006, Jan 21; 21:07 ::: Shopgirl : A Novella (2001) - Steve Martin
In comedian Steve Martin's short novel Shopgirl, Martin's heroine claims that Bram Dijkstra's Idols of Perversity is her favourite book.
Shopgirl : A Novella (2001) - Steve Martin [FR] [DE] [UK]
Shopgirl is a 2001 novella written by the actor Steve Martin. A film based on the book, starring Martin and Claire Danes, was released in the United States on October 21, 2005.
The story follows an aspiring artist named Mirabelle Buttersfield who works at Saks Fifth Avenue in Los Angeles, California. She falls in love with two men. One, Ray Porter, is a wealthy, divorced logician. The other, named Jeremy, is an awkward young amplifier salesman and aspiring font artist. Mirabelle is swept off her feet by the former, who is unable to commit to her exclusively. The situation is further clouded when the latter falls madly in love with her; although she finds him somewhat less attractive than his older rival, he can offer her the promise of exclusivity. The film concludes after Mirabelle has chosen one of her two suitors. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shopgirl [jan 2006]
See also: Bram Dijkstra - Steve Martin - American literature
2006, Jan 21; 21:07 ::: Literary references in unlikely places
- The Postman (1997) - Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner produced and directed and starred in this extremely likable adventure film, which I caught on TV in 2005. Lots of literary references and a special homage to the power of letter-writing.
Kevin Costner wanders without establishing himself anywhere, and exchanges poorly-played scenes of William Shakespeare for supplies.
- L.A Story (1991) - Mick Jackson
A love story written by lead actor Steve Martin.
Could Steve Martin's screen name Telemacher be a reference to Telemachus, who was a figure in Greek mythology, the son of Odysseus and Penelope. (Telemachus is the subject of Francois Fénelon's The Adventures of Telemachus, Son of Ulysses (1699), a scathing attack on the monarchy of France).
See also: reference - film - literature
2006, Jan 21; 21:07 ::: Edgar Allan Poe, Otto Rank and the doppelgänger"You have conquered, and I yield. Yet, henceforward art thou also dead—dead to the World, to Heaven and to Hope! In me didst thou exist—and, in my death, see by this image, which is thine own, how utterly thou hast murdered thyself."
William Wilson is a short story by Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1839. It is one of the most famous of doppelgänger tales.
It tells of a man 'William Wilson' who is schoolmate to a boy with the same name and birthday. The protagonist becomes alarmed as the second 'Wilson' gradually imitates him and eventually starts foiling his every chance of success.
The climax of the story takes part in Rome, where the protagonist takes it upon himself to duel with 'Wilson'. This results in the death of the imitator, who (dying) is quick to pronounce the death of the protagonist, who has now become murderer and monster, that which he had feared 'Wilson' to be. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wilson_%28short_story%29 [Jan 2006]The theme of the 'double' has been very thoroughly treated by Otto Rank (1914). He has gone into the connections which the 'double' has with reflections in mirrors, with shadows, with guardian spirits, with the belief in the soul and with the fear of death; but he also lets in a flood of light on the surprising evolution of the idea. For the 'double' was originally an insurance against the destruction of the ego, an 'energetic denial of the power of death' --Sigmund Freud, 1919
Der Doppelgänger (1914) - Otto Rank [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
Otto Rank (1884-1939) the early disciple and colleague of Freud, who later broke with him and developed his own psychoanalytic school, was a many-sided man whose genius found expression beyond the strictly psychoanalytic field in contributions to the criticism of art and literature, and the history of myth and religion. The Double, inspired partially by H.H. Ewer's silent film classic 'The Student of Prague', is primarily a study of the Doppelganger theme as it appears in European and American literature, exemplified in the works by such authors as Goethe, Hoffman, Dostoevsky and Wilde. By integrating psychoanalytic concepts with insights from poetry and myth, the investigation is extended to examine issues at the core of human existence: identity, narcissism, the relation of past to present, and the fear of death.In his book 'Acts of Will: The Life and Work of Otto Rank', Rank's biographer E. J. Lieberman has described The Double as a "seminal Work on the relation of shadow, reflection, ghost and twin to the idea of soul and immortality". --via Amazon.fr
A doppelgänger is the ghostly double of a living person, adapted from German Doppelgänger (look-alike). The word comes from doppel meaning "double" and Gänger translated as "goer". The term has, in the vernacular, come to refer to any double of a person, most commonly in reference to a so-called evil twin, or to bilocation: Somewhere, in a parallel universe, your evil twin exists. Identical to you in every physical attribute, its mind is twisted, evil and hell-bent on destruction; it is everything you are not. Occasionally a doppelganger stumbles upon a portal into our universe, and there are many twins living quietly among us, their powers weakened by the Earth. However, if by chance your twin should cross your path and make eye contact with you, his evil will be unleashed.
Alternatively, the word is used to describe a phenomenon where you catch your own image out of the corner of your eye. In some mythologies, seeing one's own doppelgänger is an omen of death. A doppelgänger seen by friends or relatives of a person may sometimes bring bad luck, or indicate an approaching illness or health problem.
The Doppelgängers of folklore cast no shadow and no reflection in a mirror or in water. They are supposed to provide advice to the person they shadow, but this advice could be misleading or malicious. They could also, in rare instances, plant ideas in their victim's mind or appear before friends and relatives, causing confusion.
Doppelgängers appear in a variety of science fiction and fantasy works, in which they are a type of shapeshifter that mimics a particular person or species for some typically nefarious reason.
A temporal Doppelgänger is any version of oneself one may meet during time travel. It is an exact likeness of one at a specific time in your history (or future). Meetings with oneself may occur when one version of oneself travels backwards through the timestream and encounters a younger version of oneself, or when two or more of the same person from different timestreams travel to the same moment in their futures. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doppelg%C3%A4nger [Jan 2006]
See also: American literature - Edgar Allan Poe - 1830s - 1839
2006, Jan 21; 13:07 ::: Vurt (1993) - Jeff Noon
Vurt (1993) - Jeff Noon [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
Jeff Noon (born in 1957 in Droylsden, England) is a novelist, short story writer and playwright whose works make extensive use of wordplay and fantasy. Although sometimes associated with the science fiction genre, Noon's books actually have stronger ties with the works of such literary figures as Lewis Carroll and Jorge Luis Borges. Prior to his recent relocation (around the year 2000) to Brighton, Noon set most of his stories in some version of his native city of Manchester. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Noon [Jan 2006]
See also: cyber - British literature - science-fiction literature - 1993
2006, Jan 21; 11:07 ::: New Weird
The New Weird is a literary movement presently in progress. The writers involved are mostly novelists who are considered to be parts of the science fiction or speculative fiction genres. Its most notable authors include Justina Robson, M John Harrison, Steven Cockayne, Alastair Reynolds, Steph Swainston, Thomas Ligotti, and China Mieville.
The core idea of the New Weird is that literature should transcend the genre in which it is written, and therefore it is not only acceptable but encouraged that a writer blur the borders between genres. Many New Weird writings contain elements of science fiction, fantasy, and horror. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Weird [Jan 2006]
Espers (2004) - Espers [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
New Weird America describes a musical movement in the 2000s which boasts a new uprising of weird and psychedelic music. It is a revival of sorts of the term Old Weird America, coined by Greil Marcus. The style of this movement is derived from folk and psychedelic groups from the 1960s and 1970s. The bands of this movement are usually classified as psych folk, acid folk or most notably as freak-folk.
In 2004, The Wire magazine ran a cover story on this movement, written by David Keenan. However, there is no definitive source for information about the movement, as most works are hard to find and distributed independently.
New Weird America is not a unified movement. It was a term derived by journalists such as post-rock and indie rock. Many of these bands do not identify with this term but have been lumped into it by the press. The underground American scene has been around for a long time. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Weird_America [Jan 2006]
See also: new - weird - music - literary - movement
2006, Jan 21; 11:07 ::: The Uncanny (1919) - Sigmund Freud
The Uncanny (1919) - Sigmund Freud [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
Illustration by Max Ernst
See also: 1919 - Unheimlich - uncanny - Freud
2006, Jan 20; 13:07 ::: The Architectural Uncanny: Essays in the Modern Unhomely (1994) - Anthony Vidler
The Architectural Uncanny: Essays in the Modern Unhomely (1994) - Anthony Vidler [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
About the Author
Anthony Vidler is Professor of Art History and Architecture and Chair of the Department of Art History at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Das Unheimliche (engl. uncanny, frz. Inquiétant, l’inquiétante étrangeté) ist als Gefühl des Schreckhaften, Angst- und Grauenerregenden nicht auf den Bereich ästhetischer Erfahrung beschränkt, sondern beunruhigt den Menschen als verstörende Irritation nicht selten in alltäglichen Situationen. --http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unheimlich [Jan 2006]
See also: uncanny - architecture
2006, Jan 20; 13:07 ::: Paraesthetics; Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida (1987) - David Carroll
Paraesthetics; Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida (1987) - David Carroll [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
`Paraesthetics' is a neologism invented by David Carroll to unlock the extra-aesthetic relationship between art and literature in the work of Michel Foucault, Jean-Francois Lyotard and Jacques Derrida. [Jan 2006]
The term paraesthetic features about 15 times, the term paraesthetics 245 times.
example sentencesParaesthetics indicates something like an aesthetics turned against itself ...
Paraesthetics describes a critical approach to aesthetics for which art is a ...
The paraesthetic strategies of the three philosophers treated in this work ...
Paraesthetic critical strategies posit no end to art and no end to theory, ...
First and foremost, paraesthetics means that there can be no school when it comes
... Paraesthetics does not indicate the end of theory or the end of art, ...
... a critical approach to art and literature—what I call “paraesthetics”—has made
Our advice: avoid this work, re-appropriate the term to denote alternative aesthetics such as kitsh, bad art, the sublime, the beauty of ugliness, etc...
See also: para- - aesthetics - Lyotard - Michel Foucault - Jacques Derrida
2006, Jan 20; 13:07 ::: Poststructuralism and the Paraliterary (1980) - Rosalind Krauss
Poststructuralism and the Paraliterary (1980) - Rosalind Krauss is published in the book below
The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths (1985) - Rosalind E. Krauss [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
It would thus appear that Rosalind Krauss coined the terms paraliterary and by extension paraliterature in 1980.
Incidentally, the toe you see on the cover of the book is from Jacques-Andre Boiffard, The Big Toe (1929).
See also: Rosalind Krauss - paraliterature
Paraarchitecturality in terms of not being rooted in the language of conventional architecture is also obvious. The very term "paraarchitecture" features on the pages of the first issue of Accelerator, in the translation of a chapter from Anthony Vidlers The Architectural Uncanny where it is a corelative with David Carrolls term "paraaesthetics" and Rosalind Krausss "paraliterature". This chapter is here seen as being parallel to the attempts of this journals contributors to present their drafts without any details, simply as ideas, while not restricting the text to the language of the trade, but laying it open for all sorts of metaphor and interdisciplinary textual intervention, as well as reducing it to a very short form. --http://www.usm.maine.edu/~bcj/issues/two/vukovic.html [Jan 2006]
2006, Jan 20; 13:07 ::: Paraarchitecturality
See also: paraliterature
2006, Jan 20; 11:07 ::: Introduction à la paralittérature (1992) - Daniel Couégnas
Introduction à la paralittérature (1992) - Daniel Couégnas [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
Tentative de cerner une notion ambiguë qui, depuis peu, sert aux universitaires de prétexte sociologique pour jeter un regard condescendant sur cette forme de culture de masse. L'auteur, du moins, connaît très bien ce dont il parle, quoique s'attachant surtout au roman-feuilleton du 19e siècle. Cependant, collection oblige, ses considérations nous sont servies dans le jargon sémiotique: ce qui fait que la narration allongée du récit devient la dilution diégétique dans l'excipient. --via Amazon.fr
link to Todorov
I would like to reserve part of this short review to respond to a response Couégnas is kind enough to offer me in the Conclusion of his volume. In an article dealing with the notion of "paraliterature" ("La paralittérature et la question des genres") where I discussed several critical approaches, I compared (maybe rather abruptly) Couégnas' position as presented in his book Introduction à la paralittérature to that of Todorov. This latter author clearly divided "literature" from "paraliterature" and sent some works to heaven and other ones to hell with enviable nonchalance. Couégnas indicates in his Conclusion that his aim has always been "to insist upon the constituent variety" of the novels and to focus on novels "of the third kind", i.e. those who "officially" belong to "paraliterature" but nonetheless show sufficient qualities to warrant critical attention.
paraliterature and paralittérature coined by Jean Tortel
I also do not subscribe to that brand of myopic egalitarianism that tends to consider all aesthetic judgment upon which to justify one's preferences to be, at best, purely optional. And I also am not one of those aficionados Couégnas talks about, who refuse "to admit that there are, in this field, novels that are less good than others." (219) To the contrary, I fully agree such differences exist (it would seem fairly obvious) but I am not convinced that the best way to identify them is to adopt the terminology "literature versus paraliterature", coming as it does from critics who are hostile - by definition - to any type of popular literature whatsoever. The debate, here, is not so much around content as around terminology. I remain of the opinion that the term "paraliterature", created by Tortel, is inappropriate, since it arbitrarily defines two contiguous but nonetheless sharply separated fields, whose nature is irreconcilable by definition. This, after all, was Tortel's explicit intention and derives from a precise ideological position. In a field divided between "literature" and "paraliterature" there is no room for novels of the "third kind" (sorry for Couégnas...).--Vittorio Frigerio via http://etc.dal.ca/belphegor/vol1_no2/articles/01_02_Friger_Couegn_en_cont.html [Jan 2006]
See also: paraliterature
2006, Jan 20; 11:07 ::: Paraliterature by country
By country: stationsroman (NL) - dime novels (USA) - Groschenroman (DE) - penny dreadful (UK) - romans de gare (FR)
Today the equivalent of these are airport novels.
See also: airport novels - paraliterature
2006, Jan 19; 23:07 ::: Brian Jones Presents The Pipes Of Pan At Joujouka (1971) - The Master Musicians of Joujouka
The Female Nude (1992) - Lynda Nead [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
The Master Musicians of Joujouka are a musical ensemble from the village of Joujouka (or Jajouka) in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco.
Brian Jones (co-founder of the The Rolling Stones) recorded the Joujoukan musicians in 1968. This recording was released in 1971 as Brian Jones Presents The Pipes Of Pan At Joujouka. It fell out-of-print and became a collector's item before being reissued on compact disc in 1997.
The group's unique tradition is on the verge of extinction: modern life is changing Joujouka, and it is increasingly difficult to find young men to carry on the tradition. However, a core group still live and play there daily. These musicians have recorded two CDs for the Belgian label Sub Rosa and have appeared in videos and on a CD 10% File Under Burroughs produced by Joe Ambrose and Frank Rynne with Bomb the Bass, Scanner, Bill Laswell, Paul Bowles and Herbert Huncke. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Master_Musicians_of_Joujouka [Jan 2006]
See also: Africa - Bill Laswell - Sub Rosa - William Burroughs - Brion Gysin - Beat generation - world music
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