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Carlo Rambaldi (1925 - )
Related: special effects - Italian cinema
legno snodabile - Carlo Rambaldi (H 80 cm) via http://www.italica.rai.it/principali/argomenti/altro/pinocchio/rambaldi.htm
Carlo Rambaldi (born 1925 in Vigarano Mainarda, Italy) is an Italian-born special effects artist who is most famous for designing the title character of the 1982 super-smash hit E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and the mechanical head-effects for the creature in Alien. Rambaldi has also worked on Profondo Rosso (Deep Red) (1975), King Kong (1976), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), Dune (1984), King Kong Lives (1986). --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Rambaldi [Aug 2006]
BiographyBiography translated from Grandi Notizie by http://theoscarsite.com/whoswho6/rambaldi_c.htm [Nov 2004]
Born in Vigarano, Italy; educated at the Academy of Fine Arts of Bologna. Interested in the mechanics of movement since childhood, he became an expert in electromechanics and the anatomy of the human skeleton and musculature. Drawing inspiration from the works of Guttuso and Picasso, he received many important acknowledgments for his paintings between 1952 and 1957. He entered Italian cinema in 1963 as a special effects artist for PERSEO L'INVINCIBILE. For over 20 years he worked with directors Marco Ferreri, Federico Fellini, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Mario Monicelli and Dario Argento.
In 1976, he became involved with the construction of Dino De Laurentiis' KING KONG and started a very successful period of work in America. He moved to the US in 1977 and received several patents for his creature movement mechanisms, including the Alien and E.T.
Rambaldi continued to study and integrate physics, anatomy and electomechanics with cybernetics. He also developed digital and computerized 3D animation techniques.
Other notable (non-nominated) credits include Andy Warhol's FRANKENSTEIN and DRACULA (both 1974), POSSESSION and THE HAND (both 1981), CONAN THE DESTROYER and DUNE (both 1984), SILVER BULLET (1985), KING KONG LIVES (1986) and PRIMAL RAGE (1988).
- Special Achievement Awards 1976: KING KONG - Visual Effects (w. Glen Robinson & Frank Van Der Veer)
- Visual Effects 1979: ALIEN (w.H. R. Giger, Brian Johnson, Nick Allder & Denys Ayling)
- Visual Effects 1982: E.T. -- THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL (w. Dennis Muren & Kenneth F. Smith)
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