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Related: show - exhibitionism - art - museum - zoo
Instances: Degenerate art (Germany, 1937) - documenta (Germany, since 1955) - the Great Exhibition (1851 UK world fair) - World's Fair - Salon des Refusés (1863) - the Paris Salons (from 1673 onwards) - The Armory Show (1913)
DefinitionAn exhibition is a display of items. This can be an art exhibition, computer exposition or an industrial exhibition like a World's Fair. A more recent word for this is expo. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exhibition [Feb 2006]
Art exhibitions are traditionally the space in which art objects (in the most general sense) meet an audience, a temporary presentation of art.
Such expositions may present pictures, drawings or sculptures of individual artists, groups of artists or collections of a specific form of art. The art works may be presented in museums, art halls, art clubs or private art galleries. Sometimes the event is organized on a specific occasion, like a birthday, anniversary or commemoration.
There are different kinds of art exhibitions, like retrospectives, individual expositions, group expositions, or expositions on a specific topic.
The practice of art exhibitions dates back to at least 1673, when the royally sanctioned French institution of art patronage, the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (a division of the Académie des beaux-arts), held its first semi-public art exhibit at the Salon Carré. Beginning in 1725 the salon was held in the Palace of the Louvre, when it became known as Salon de Paris.
Modern history of art exhibitions starts with the 1913 Armory Show in New York. It was the first time that European avant-garde art was presented in the New World. Most prominent art exhibition of contemporary art is the 1955 founded documenta in Kassel, Germany. It takes place every five years, presenting international artists and art trends. Of similar prominence is the Biennale in Venice, Italy, which is held biannually. Art works are presented in pavilions per country at this exhibition.
Other trendsetting art exhibitions of contemporary art were "A New Spirit in Painting" (London, Royal Academy of Arts, 1981), "Zeitgeist" (Berlin, Martin Gropius Bau, 1982), and "Metropolis" (Berlin, Martin Gropius Bau, 1991).
Art exhibitions usually start with a vernissage. At the exhibitions usually elaborate catalogues are available, which list the presented works together with pictures and expert commentaries. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_exhibition [Feb 2006]
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