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Related: film industry - Classical Hollywood - mainstream film - happy ending - New Hollywood - American cinema

One of the best known visuals in the world.

In practice the term Hollywood has come to signify mainstream film

Works with Hollywood in title: Hollywood Babylon (1959) - Hollywood Boulevard (1976)

Jayne Mansfield on the cover of the Italian edition of Hollywood Babylon I
image sourced here.

Hollywood Babylon (1959) - Kenneth Anger [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

American film industry

Due to its fame and identity as a major center of movie studios and stars, the word "Hollywood" is often used colloquially to refer to the American motion picture industry in Southern California, a term deriving from the famous community. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood [Nov 2004]

20th Century [...]

It is Camille Paglia's central thesis that in the 20th century (which she calls the Age of Hollywood) pagan popular culture overtook and vanquished the high arts. Thanks to advances in technology, pop became a universal language, as catholic in its reach as the medieval church. Once pop art embraced commercial iconography, the avant-garde was dead. Camille Paglia

Studio system

The studio system is a name given to the means of film production popular in Hollywood during the 1930s and 1940s. The studio system referred to the practice of motion picture studios pursuing vertical integration. Additionally, many studios used block booking, a system of selling multiple films to a theater as a unit. Such a unit, frequently twenty films, typically comprised only one or two good films, the rest perceived as monetary filler to bolster the studio's finances. With the outlawing of block booking in a 1948 federal court case, the studio system effectively came to a close. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Studio_system [Sept 2005]

United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc.

United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc., 334 US 131 (1948) (also known as the Hollywood Antitrust Case of 1948 or the Paramount Case) was a landmark United States Supreme Court anti-trust case that decided the fate of movie studios owning their own theatres and holding exclusivity rights on which theatres would show their films. It would also change the way Hollywood movies were produced, distributed, and exhibited. The Court held in this case that the existing distribution scheme was in violation of the antitrust laws of the United States, which prohibit certain exclusive dealing arrangements. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._Paramount_Pictures%2C_Inc. [Nov 2005]

This legal case partly led to the break-up of the Hollywood studio system and the development of art-house and grind-house movie theatres. [Nov 2005]

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