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[who is Robert Estes?, Google came up with 'nothing' Oct 2004]
Related: sexual revolution - USA
Timeline of the Sexual Revolutionby Robert Estes [who is Robert Estes?, Google came up with 'nothing' Oct 2004]
- Richard von Krafft-Ebing publishes Psychopathica Sexualis, 237 classic case histories of lustmurder, necrophilia, pederasty, bestiality, transvestism, rape, mutilation, sado-masochism, exhibitionism and other psychosexual proclivities. Considered one of the most important documents in humankind's modern efforts to understand itself.
- Havelock Ellis publishes first volume of The Psychology of Sex, an investigation of human sexual practices. Banned by judge in Britain as "filth masquerading as science."
- U.S. ratifies 19th Amendment to Constitution, granting the vote to women after a struggle of over 70 years.
- Freud publishes Beyond The Pleasure Principle.
- Margaret Sanger leads first birth control conference.
- Initial submission of Equal Rights Amendment to Congress.
- Freud publishes Ego and the Id.
- First center for research on sexuality founded in Berlin.
- Nazi's burn down sexuality research center.
- During WWII, many women ("Rosie the Riveter") perform "male jobs" in war effort.
- Alfred C. Kinsey founds the University of Indiana's Institute for Sex Research.
- Alfred Kinsey publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Male.
- The Sex Habits of American Women by Fritz Wittels, M.D. is published posthumously (just a year after the author's death).
- George Jorgensen becomes Christine Jorgensen in first successful sex-change operation.
- Kinsey publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Female.
- Playboy begins publication.
- US Food and Drug Administration approves birth control pills.
- Betty Friedan publishes Feminine Mystique, which challenges Freud's thoughts on the roles of women.
- Civil Rights Act outlaws job discrimination and sexual harassment
- Masters and Johnson publish Human Sexual Response, the first physiological study of human sexuality.
- Betty Friedan founds National Organization for Women (NOW).
Masters and Johnson's Human Sexual Inadequacy discusses sexual "surrogate partners" for first time.
- Congress passes Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). Phyllis Schlafly organizes Eagle Forum and Stop ERA in opposition to amendment.
- Supreme Court legalizes abortion in Roe v. Wade.
- American Psychiatric Association decides that homosexuality is not a mental illness.
- Playgirl begins publication.
- ERA fails as time deadline for ratification passes.
- AIDS first found in US patients.
- Condom commercial airs in San Francisco - the first large city to have such a commercial air.
- Denmark legalizes homosexual marriage.
- Vermont grants gay and lesbian couples a parallel but separate legal option called civil unions. The civil unions, which are not recognized by other states and confer no marriage benefits under federal law, nonetheless entitle same-sex couples to receive tax benefits and inheritance rights and to make medical decisions on behalf of a partner.
- Under Dr. David Handelsman leadership, Australian researchers at the Anzac Institute at Sydney's Concord Hospital produce the world's first oral male contraceptive.
By Year (1900-1999)Sex in media
1900 The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) - Sigmund Freud 1901 Sexual Inversion (1901) - Havelock Ellis 1902 1903 1904 Neue Forschungen über den Marquis de Sade und seine Zeit - Iwan Bloch 1905 Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) - Sigmund Freud 1906 1907 The Confessions of Wanda von Sacher-Masoch (1907) - Wanda Von Sacher-Masoch 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 Handbook of Sexology - Iwan Bloch 1913 L'Enfer de la Bibliothèque Nationale (1913) Guillaume Apollinaire 1914 1915 A Fool There Was (1915) - Frank Powell 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 Beyond the Pleasure Principle (1920) - Sigmund Freud 1921 1922 1923 Sexual Aberrations (1923) - Wilhelm Stekel 1924 Inversions, the first French gay journal 1925 1926 1927 1928 Un Chien Andalou - Dali/Buñuel, Histoire de l'OEil/Story of the Eye (1928) - Georges Bataille, Bilder-Lexikon der Erotik, Vol. 1 1929 Haxan (Witchcraft Through the Ages) (1929) Benjamin Christensen 1930 L'Age d'Or (1930) - Luis Bunuel 1931 Solar Anus (1927/1931) - Georges Bataille 1932 Extase (1932) - Gustav Machatý 1933 The Nazis destroy Magnus Hirschfeld's Institute for Sexual Research and burn the library 1934 The Ethics of Sexual Acts (1934) - Rene Guyon, USA: The Production Code 1935 1936 1937 Degenerate Art exhibition 1938 Tomorrow's Crucifixion (1938) - Roye 1939 1940 1941 Masochism in Sex and Society (1941) Theodor Reik 1942 Alfred C. Kinsey founds the University of Indiana's Institute 1943 Our Lady of the Flowers (1943) - Jean Genet 1944 1945 Mom and Dad (1945) - William Beaudine 1946 Paysage Fautif/Wayward Landscape (1946) - Marcel Duchamp 1947 Anger 1 (1947) - Kenneth Anger 1948 Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) - Alfred C. Kinsey 1949 1950 Un Chant d'Amour (1950) - Jean Genet 1951 Grove Press launched 1952 "Must We Burn Sade?" (1952) - Simone de Beauvoir 1953 Olympia Press launched, first issue of Playboy magazine, Summer With Monika (1953) - Ingmar Bergman 1954 L'Histoire d'O/Story of O (1954) - Pauline Reage 1955 Kroger Babb buys the U.S. rights to Ingmar Bergman's Summer with Monika (1953), Lolita (1955) - Vladimir Nabokov 1956 ...And God Created Woman - (1956) Roger Vadim , The Image (1956)- Jean De Berg/Catherine Robbe-Grillet 1957 1958 1959 Naked Lunch (1959) - William S. Burroughs, The Immoral Mr. Teas (1959) - Russ Meyer 1960 Peeping Tom (1960) - Michael Powell 1961 Merda d'Artista (1961) - Piero Manzoni 1962 A Clockwork Orange (1962) - Anthony Burgess 1963 Flaming Creatures (1963) - Jack Smith 1964 Sexus (1964) - José Bénazéraf, Rudi Gernreich's topless bathing suit 1965 First issue of Private Magazine printed in Sweden 1966 Persona (1966) - Ingmar Bergman 1967 Belle de Jour (1967) - Luis Buñuel 1968 First International Exhibition of Erotic Art in Scandinavia 1969 New York, Stonewall incident 1970 Wet Dream Film Festival (1970) - Amsterdam 1971 Oz issue 28, otherwise known as "Schoolkids OZ" 1972 Deep Throat (1972) - Gerard Damiano 1973 La Grande Bouffe (1973) - Marco Ferreri 1974 Le Fantôme de la liberté - (1974) Luis Buñuel 1975 The Story of O (1975) - Just Jaeckin 1976 Ai No Corrida/In the Realm of the Senses (1976) - Nagisa Oshima 1977 Bilitis (1977) - David Hamilton 1978 Les livres de l'Enfer (1978) - Pascal Pia 1979 USA, Disco Sucks 1980 1981 first cases of AIDS 1982 Cafe Flesh (1982) - Rinse Dream aka Stephen Sayadian 1983 Videodrome (1983) - David Cronenberg 1984 Special Effects (1984) - Larry Cohen 1985 Kiss of the Spider Woman (1985) - Hector Babenco 1986 Blue Velvet (1986) - David Lynch 1987 Piss Christ, 1987 - Andres Serrano 1988 Story of Women (1988) - Claude Chabrol 1989 The Cook, the Thief, His Wife and Her Lover (1989) - Peter Greenaway 1990 Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson (1990) - Camille Paglia 1991 1992 Bitter Moon (1992) - Roman Polanski 1993 Boxing Helena (1993) - Jennifer Chambers Lynch 1994 The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert (1994) - Stephan Elliott 1995 The Origin of the World (1866) - Gustave Courbet, first time publicly displayed 1996 Bound (1996) - Larry Wachowski 1997 1998 Fucking Åmål, Show Me Love (1998) - Lukas Moodysson 1999 Romance (1999) - Catherine Breillat 2000 Baise-Moi (2000) - Coralie, Virginie Despentes 2001 Intimacy (2001) - Patrice Chéreau 2002 Irréversible (2002) - Gaspar Noé 2003 In the Cut (2003) - Jane Campion 2004 Ma Mère (2004) - Christophe Honoré
Sexual Revolution (2003) - Jeffrey Escoffier
Sexual Revolution (2003) - Jeffrey Escoffier [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]
If the late eighteenth century saw the start of the Industrial Revolution, then it can be argued that the late twentieth century kicked off the Sexual Revolution. Sexual behavior and beliefs that had long been constrained by silence suddenly were the focus of intense scrutiny, championed by Kinsey's ground-breaking reports on human sexuality. How our culture has adapted to new freedoms of expression is the subject in Escoffier's anthology, which chronicles the work of pioneering scientists who studied sexuality and inspiring artists who responded to it. Examining virtually every aspect of sexual behavior, from orgasms to open marriage to obscenity, Escoffier has created a definitive review of the most influential writing of the last half-century. A captivating and comprehensive investigation of an always fascinating aspect of human behavior. Carol Haggas Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved
About the Author
Jeffrey Escoffier has written on politics, sexuality and dance. He is the author of a biography of John Maynard Keynes and of American Homo: Community and Perversity. He recently edited a book on the choreography of Mark Morris with Matthew Lore. He has taught the history and politics of sexuality at the University of California at Berkeley and Davis, Rutgers University, and the New School University in New York.
What does "sexual revolution" mean? When, how, and why did it begin (if it did)? What, if anything, did it change? And what hope do we have that its ideals of equality and pleasure can be realized? Collected here is the most provocative, entertaining, and essential writing documenting the immense, contradictory, and incomplete process of the evolution of our attitudes about sexuality and gender. From Susan Sontag’s "Pornographic Imagination" to Al Goldstein’s notorious review of Deep Throat, writing from the sexual revolution ranges from inspirational to outrageous. Sexual Revolution explores the cultural, economic, political, and moral consequences of new ways of sexual thinking and behaving – Reclaiming the female orgasm and challenging the double standard; Celebrating open marriage and homosexuality; Defying taboo and censorship; From Anne Koedt’s classic "The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm" to Norman Mailer’s "The Homosexual Villain;" From Helen Gurley Brown to Lenny Bruce, from Freud and Wilhelm Reich to Foucault, here are the voices of those who registered and provoked popular consciousness and transformed how we think about sex. Today, Dr. Phil talks about oral sex among grade-schoolers on Oprah and pornstar Jenna Jameson gets a six-figure advance for her memoirs—something has changed—but Sexual Revolution reminds us that our sexuality remains a bitterly contested battleground. With Selections by Erica Jong, Lawrence Lipton, Masters and Johnson, Betty Dodson, Audre Lorde, Gay Talese, Gayle Rubin, Timothy Leary, Henry Miller, Huey Newton, Jill Johnston, Sigmund Freud, Simone de Beauvoir and many others.
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