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Unconscious and unconsciousness
Related: id - psychology
In Freud's systematization, the mind is divided into the conscious mind or Ego and two parts of the Unconscious: the Id or instincts and the Superego. Freud used the idea of the unconscious in order to explain certain kinds of neurotic behavior. [Jun 2006]
The unconscious mind
The unconscious mind is the aspect (or alleged aspect) of the mind of which we are not directly conscious or aware. The unconscious is also often referred to as the subconscious. The unconscious mind should not be confused with unconsciousness.
The idea originated in antiquity, and its more modern history is detailed in Henri F Ellenberger's Discovery of the Unconscious (Basic Books, 1970). The term was popularized by Sigmund Freud. He developed the idea that there were layers to human consciousness: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. He thought that certain psychic events take place "below the surface", or in the unconscious mind. A good example is dreams, which Freud called the "royal road to the unconscious". --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unconscious, Feb 2004
Unconsciousness is the absence of consciousness. Unconsciousness normally only occurs during sleep, and even then dreaming may involve partial or full consciousness of dream events. Unconsciousness may also occur from a concussion, during an epileptic seizure, as a result of intoxication, or due to some other medical condition (such as a neurological dysfunction), and during general anaesthesia.
Unconsciousness is not the same thing as the unconscious mind, which is assumed to operate even whilst the individual is conscious. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unconsciousness [Feb 2005]
The Discovery of the Unconscious in the 19th Century (A Time Line)--http://www.boards.greaterthelema.org/viewtopic.php?pid=132 [Sept 2004]
F.A. Mesmer, demonstrations of Mesmerism, or animal magnetism.
Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare; painting.
Francesco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters; Caprichos, pl. 43; etching.
Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Idea; philosophy
Theodore Gericault's portraits of the insane for Dr. Georget; paintings.
Robert Macnish, The Philosophy of Sleep; psychology.
Edgar A. Poe, "William Wilson;" short story about double personality.
James Braid, Scottish physician, coins term Hypnotism.
Gustave Courbet, Self-Portrait as a Desperate Man; painting.
Edgar A. Poe, "The Facts in the Case of Mr. Valdemar;" short story about mesmerism.
Carl Gustav Carus, Psyche; psychology.
Discovery of Spiritism in Hydesville, New York, by the Fox family.
Victor Hugo, spiritist drawings, seances.
Justinus Kerner, Klecksographien; spiritist drawings.
Hervey de Saint-Denis, Les Reves et les moyens de les diriger; psychology.
Alphonse Maury, Le Sommeil et les Reves; psychology.
G.H. von Schubert, Die Symbolik des Traumes; psychology.
Eduard von Hartmann, The Philosophy of the Unconscious; psychology.
Friedrich Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy; philosophy.
Stephane Mallarme, "L'Apres midi d'un faun;" poetry.
Odilon Redon, Dans le Reve; album of lithographs.
Max Klinger, Fantasies on the Finding of a Glove; etchings.
Society for Psychical Research founded in London.
J.M. Charcot presents lecture to French Academy on Hypnotic therapy for hysterics. Hypnosis is rehabilitated as a medical technique.
Carl du Prel, The Philosophy of Mysticism; philosphy.
Sigmund Freud studies with Charcot in Paris; Max Nordau also studies with Charcot this year.
Robert Louis Stevenson, The Strange Case of Dr. Jeckyll and Mr. Hyde; novel.
Guy de Maupassant, "Le Horla," short story.
Paul Gauguin, Vision After the Sermon: Jacob Wrestling with the Angel; painting.
Edouard Dujardin, Les Lauriers sont coupees; novel with first direct interior monologue.
First International Congress of Hypnotism in Paris. Among those attending were Charcot and Sigmund Freud.
Fernand Khnopff, Memories; painting.
Odilon Redon, Songes; album of lithographs.
Fernand Khnopff,I lock my door upon myself; painting.
George DuMaurier, Peter Ibbetson; novel about dreams.
George DuMaurier, Trilby; novel about hypnotism.
August Strindberg, "The New Arts, or the Role of Chance in Artistic Creation;" essay proposing the use of chance effects as an expression and analogue of the unconscious.
Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud, Studies on Hysteria; psychology.
Dr. Paul Chabaneix, Le Subconscient chez les artistes, les savants et les ecrivains; psychology.
Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams; psychology.
Fernand Khnopff photographed in front of his altar to Hypnos. (date approximate)
Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater. Thought Forms; theosophy.
August Strindberg, The Dream Play; drama.
Emile Magnin, L'Art et l'Hypnose; hypnotic trance as a key to artistic creation, with documentation of experimental performances.
--http://www.boards.greaterthelema.org/viewtopic.php?pid=132 [Sept 2004]
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