[jahsonic.com] - [Next >>]
Related: good - morals - poetic justice - value - quality
In literature: Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded (1740) - Samuel Richardson - Justine, or The Misfortunes of Virtue (1791) - Marquis De Sade
DefinitionVirtue is from the Latin virtus, the equivalent of the Greek Arete (paideia) . In general, virtue is excellence. As applied to humans, a virtue is a good character trait. The Latin word virtus literally means "manliness," from vir, "man" in the masculine sense; and referred originally to masculine, warlike virtues such as courage. In one of the many ironies of etymology, in English the word virtue is often used to refer to a women's chastity. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtue [Jul 2004]
Virtue and viceThe opposite of a virtue is a vice. One way of organizing the vices is as the corruption of the virtues. Thus the cardinal vices would be folly, venality, cowardice and lust. The Christian theological vices would be blasphemy, despair, and hatred.
However, as Aristotle noted, the virtues can have several opposites. Virtues can be considered the mean between two extremes. For instance, both cowardice and rashness are opposites of courage; contrary to prudence are both over-caution and insufficient caution. A more "modern" virtue, tolerance, can be considered the mean between the two extremes of narrow-mindedness on the one hand and soft-headedness on the other. Vices can therefore be identified as the opposites of virtues, but with the caveat that each virtue could have many different opposites, all distinct from each other. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtue [Jul 2004]
your Amazon recommendations - Jahsonic - early adopter products