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Parent categories: art - movement
Related: genre - period - style - trend
Examples: Modernism - postmodernism - mannerism - Romanticism - Surrealism - Symbolism
Compare: condition - zeitgeist
DefinitionMovement is the term commonly used to refer to a trend in various fields. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movement [Jul 2004]
DefinitionAn art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time (usually a few months, years or decades). Art movements were especially important in modern art, where each consecutive movement was considered as a new avant-garde. Movements have almost entirely disappeared in contemporary art, where individualism and diversity prevail.
Art movements seem to be a nearly exclusively Western art phenomenon. The term refers to tendencies in visual art and architecture, sometimes literature. In music it is more common to speak about genres and styles instead. See also cultural movement, a term with a broader connotation. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_movement [Sept 2004]
A cultural movement is a change in the way a number of different disciplines approach their work. This embodies all art forms, the sciences, and philosophies. Long ago, different nations or regions of the world would go through their own independent sequence of movements in culture, but as world communications have accelerated this geographical distinction has become less noteworthy. When cultural movements go through revolutions from one to the next, genres tend to get attacked and mixed up, and often new genres are generated and old ones fade. These changes are often reactions against the prior cultural form, which typically has grown stale and repetitive. An obsession emerges among the mainstream with the new movement, and the old one falls into neglect - sometimes it dies out entirely, but often it chugs along favored in a few disciplines and occasionally making reappearances (sometimes prefixed with "neo-").
There is continual argument over the precise definition of each of these periods, and one historian might group them differently, or choose different names or descriptions. As well, even though in many cases the popular change from one to the next can be swift and sudden, the beginning and end of movements are somewhat subjective, as the movements did not spring fresh into existence out of the blue and did not come to an abrupt end and lose total support, as would be suggested by a date range. Thus use of the term "period" is somewhat deceptive. "Period" also suggests a linearity of development, whereas it has not been uncommon for two or more distinctive cultural approaches to be active at the same time. Historians will be able to find distinctive traces of a cultural movement before its accepted beginning, and there will always be new creations in old forms. So it can be more useful to think in terms of broad "movements" that have rough beginnings and endings. Yet for historical perspective, some rough date ranges will be provided for each to indicate the "height" or accepted timespan of the movement. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_movement [Sept 2004]
List of musical movements--http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_movements [Jan 2006]
Modernism - 1880-1965 [...]Also known as the Avant-garde movement. Originating in the 19th century with Symbolism, the Modernist movement composed itself of a wide range of 'isms' that ran in constrast to Realism and that sought out the underlying fundamentals of art and philosophy. The Jazz age and Hollywood emerge and have their hey-days.
Cubism -- Futurism -- Suprematism -- Dadaism -- Constructivism -- Surrealism -- Expressionism -- Existentialism -- Op Art -- Art Deco -- Bauhaus -- Neo-Plasticism -- Precisionism -- Abstract expressionism -- Pop Art -- Photorealism -- Minimalism -- Situationism --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_movement [Sept 2004]
Postmodernism - 1965-? [...]- A reaction to Modernism, in a way, Postmodernism largely discards the notion that artists should seek pure fundamentals, often questioning whether such fundamentals even exist - or suggestion that if they do exist, they may be irrelevant. Exemplified by movements such as deconstruction, conceptual art, etc.--http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_movement [Sept 2004]
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