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[<<] 1500s [>>]

Related: 1560s - history - Europe - Protestantism - Renaissance

Visual arts: Mannerism - Northern Renaissance - Hans Baldung Grien - Matthies Grunewald - Brueghel - Quentin Matsys - Lucas Cranach - Albrecht Dürer

Criminals: Elizabeth Bathory

Countercultural events: In 1512 Copernicus states that the earth revolves around the sun. In the 1530s the first sodomy laws arise in the UK. Medieval heretics of Anabaptism.

Literature: Index Librorum Prohibitorum (list of banned books) - François Rabelais - Utopia (1516) - Sir Thomas More - The Prince (1513,1532) - Niccolo Machiavelli - The Book of the Courtier (1528) - Baldassare Castiglione - Pietro Aretino's I modi - picaresque novels -

Mona Lisa (ca. 1503-1507) - Leonardo da Vinci

The 7 Ages of Woman - Hans Baldung Grien (1484-1545)

Venus of Urbino 1538 - Titian, (Oil on canvas, 119 x 165 cm, Uffizi, Florence)

Venus Standing in a Landscape (1529) - Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucrezia Borgia (1505-1508) - Bartolomeo Veneziano

Bartolomeo Veneziano created this picture when he worked at the D'este Court (1505-1508)

Matthies Grunewald, The Temptation of Saint Anthony (Detail from Panel from Isenheim Altarpiece), 1515

Triumph of Death</i>, 1562, Pieter Brueghel the Elder

Triumph of Death, 1562, Pieter Brueghel the Elder

School of Fontainebleau

Gabrielle d'Estrées and one of her Sisters
c. 1595
Oil on canvas, 96 x 125 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

The subject of this painting is mysterious. It is assumed to be an allusion to the birth of César, son of Henry IV and her mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées.

The School of Fontainebleau refers to two periods of artistic production in France during the late Renaissance centered around the royal Château of Fontainebleau. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School of Fontainebleau [Jan 2006]

See also: Renaissance - French art - erotic art

Countercultural events

from A Biased Timeline of the Counter-Culture
		Age of exploration & colonization of Asia, Africa, Cen & So Am
		rise of the centralized state
		(Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Shakespeare)
1501		Moors of Spain defeated/conquered   expelled?
1502		Peasants' revolt, Speyer, Ger
1509		restart of European slave trade; settlers bring Africans to S. Am.
1512		Copernicus states that the earth and planets revolve
		around the sun (1549 objection)
1513		Peasants' revolt: Wurttemberg and Black Forest
1514		Peasants' revolt, Hungary
1516		Sir Thomas More: Utopia (1551 translated from Latin to Eng)
1517		Martin Luther, inspired by the conservative Hussites,
		protests against the Church's sales of indulgences by posting 
		his 95 theses on the door of the Palast Church, Wittenberg
		--> Reformation in Germany
1524-5		Peasants' revolt against landlords S. Ger. led by Thomas Munzer,
		founder of the Anabaptist movement (& Austria) - defeated
1528		The weavers of Kent riot against Wolsey's policy to move
		English staple town for wool from Antwerp to Calais
1534		`Communist state' of Anabaptists under leadership of John
		of Leiden at Munster, Westphalia
1536		Church of England separates from the Pope
1536		first European newspaper: Gazetta, Venice  (& see 1566)
1547		Nostradamus (1503-66) makes first predictions
1560		Huguenots (Fr) / Puritanism (Eng)
1566		Calvinist riots in Netherlands; Inquisition there abolished
1567		two million Native Americans in S Am die of typhoid fever
1579		St. John of the Cross: xxx

The Unfortunate Traveller (1594) - Thomas Nashe

The Unfortunate Traveller (1594) - Thomas Nashe [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Cover illustration from Les Grandes Misères de la Guerre (1633) by Jacques Callot

The Unfortunate Traveller by Thomas Nashe (1594) is a picaresque novel set during the reign of Henry VIII of England.

The narrator, Jack Wilton, describes his adventures as a page during the wars against the French, and his subsequent travels in Italy as page to the Earl of Surrey. In his travels, Jack witnesses numerous atrocities, including battlefields, plague, and rape: at one point he is nearly hanged, and at another, he is on the point of being cut up in a live anatomy demonstration. Jack's narrative climaxes by describing the brutal revenge taken by one Italian on another, who forces him to pray to the devil and then shoots him in the throat: Jack himself escapes and returns to England. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Unfortunate_Traveller [Apr 2006]

See also: 1500s - picaresque - British literature

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